Preferential transformation of human neuronal cells by human adenoviruses and the origin of HEK 293 cells

@article{Shaw2002PreferentialTO,
  title={Preferential transformation of human neuronal cells by human adenoviruses and the origin of HEK 293 cells},
  author={Gerry Shaw and Silas M J Morse and Miguel Ararat and Frank L. Graham},
  journal={The FASEB Journal},
  year={2002},
  volume={16}
}
The 293 cell line was derived by transformation of primary cultures of human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells with sheared adenovirus (Ad)5 DNA. A combination of immunostaining, immunoblot, and microarray analysis showed that 293 cells express the neurofilament (NF) subunits NF‐L, NF‐M, NF‐H, and α‐internexin as well as many other proteins typically found in neurons. Three other independently derived HEK lines, two transformed by Ad5 and one by Ad12, also expressed NFs, as did one human embryonic… 
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