author={Christian Choffrut and Yoshiko Wakabayashi},
  journal={RAIRO Theor. Informatics Appl.},
Multi-level decision-making (MLDM) handles problems that require compromise between the objectives of two or more interacting entities which are arranged within a hierarchical structure with independent and perhaps conflicting objectives. Bilevel decision-making is a special and particularly popular case of MLDM, in which only two levels of decision entities are involved, each of which tries to optimize their individual objectives under certain constraints, and to act and react in a sequential… 
1 Citations

The influence of Imre Simon’s work in the theory of automata, languages and semigroups

  • J. Pin
  • Mathematics
    Semigroup Forum
  • 2019
This is a tribute to the Brazilian mathematician Imre Simon, with emphasis on three results that had a considerable influence on the development of automata and semigroup theory. Imre Simon, a



Proclus’ division of the mathematical proposition into parts: how and why was it formulated?

  • R. Netz
  • Education
    The Classical Quarterly
  • 1999
There are a number of ways in which Greek mathematics can be seen to be radically original. First, at the level of mathematical contents: many objects and results were first discovered by Greek

Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī

Abū Jacfar Muḥammad b. Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī was born on Saturday (at dawn according to Riḍawī1), 11 Jumādā I, 597 H./17 February 1201 A.D. in Ṭūs or its environs2 and died in

Giordano Bruno's Conflict with Oxford

  • F. Yates
  • Philosophy
    Journal of the Warburg Institute
  • 1939
When Giordano Bruno came to Elizabethan Oxford and expounded his Copernican philosophy he met with a great deal of opposition, some idea of which can be gathered from his Cena de le ceneri (1584)1,

Ovid and the Fasti: An Historical Study

plunder) may first understand both 1.384 (Aeneas to Venus) and 599 (Aeneas to Dido), observing Aeneas' rhetorical elaboration (cf. p. 102), as references to the shipwreck. But H. may still persuade

The Mathematician Zenodorus

Z ENODORUS the mathematician is best known for his treatise n€p' lC01T€PLf.LhpWll1 cX1Jf.La:rwll, On Figures of Equal Boundary. This, like all his works, is lost, but part of its contents has been

Quinto Nundinas Pompeis

The cycle of market days, or Nundinae, recurring at an interval of eight days, which was observed by the city of Rome and some other, at least, of the Italian cities—notably those of Campania—has

The Thirteen Books of Euclid's Elements

THE preface to the first edition of Sir Thomas Heath's translation of Euclid's “Elements” begins with the following quotation from De Morgan: “There never has been, and until we see it we never shall

Δεδομενα : Euclid's Data, or, The importance of being given

This is a scholarly contribution to an area -- the history of Greek geometrical analysis -- that is still insufficiently understood. At the time of Zeuthen, and even up to the middle of the last

The Ash Wednesday supper = La cena de le ceneri

Giordano Bruno was an itinerant Italian friar who was burned at the stake in 1600 for heresies, that included his rejection of the Ptolemaic cosmology. Like Galileo, who met a similar fate for