Preening and Associated Comfort Behavior in Birds a

@article{Delius1988PreeningAA,
  title={Preening and Associated Comfort Behavior in Birds a},
  author={Juan D. Delius},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={1988},
  volume={525}
}
  • J. Delius
  • Published 1 May 1988
  • Biology
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
In most avian species the plumage also has an important extra function compared with the pelage of mammals: flight. Accordingly preening, as a behavior that conditions the bird's integument, can be expected to play a more important role within the activity repertoire of birds than grooming does in that of mammals. Indeed preening is generally a very elaborate behavior that takes up a considerable proportion of the time budget of birds. For example, van Rhijn 2 has impressively documented the… 
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References

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The patterning of body-care behaviour in the Herring Gull has been studied by means of: (a) qualitative observations on four individuals, and (b) application of six quantitative analytical methods on
Preening of Two Tern Species. a Study On Displacement Activities
TLDR
The occurrence of preening 'during brooding' in most cases is thought to be caused by disinhibition and further by (probably permanently present) activating factors for the preening system, as well as inhibitory relations between various behaviour systems.
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TLDR
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TLDR
It is concluded that apomorphine exerts an excitatory action (direct or indirect) on the hypothalamic feeding centers; hence apomorphicine pecking can be considered as a pharmacologically motivated behavior.
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