Vitamin D Levels Are Unrelated to the Severity of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis Among Hospitalized Infants.
To evaluate combination therapy of mild to moderate bronchiolitis with bronchiodilators and corticosteroids, we treated 51 young children with first-time wheezing and symptoms of respiratory tract infection with albuterol plus either prednisolone or placebo for 5 days. Disease severity was scored on days 0, 2, 3, and 6. On day 2, prednisolone resulted in significantly lower scores (2.7 +/- 1.4 vs. 4.0 +/- 1.5 in all patients evaluated, p < 0.05) than placebo, whereas there was no detectable difference on day 6, suggesting that addition of prednisolone to albuterol transiently accelerates recovery from bronchiolitis. The clinical significance of this effect needs to be evaluated in further studies.