Efficacy and Safety of Thrombectomy Combined with Intracoronary Administration of Tirofiban in ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)
BACKGROUND We investigated the predictors of the no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with plaque rupture (PR). METHODS The study group comprised 112 AMI patients who underwent pre- and post-PCI intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and stent implantation. Angiographic no-reflow was defined as TIMI flow grade 0, 1, and 2 after PCI. IVUS findings included multiple ruptured plaques (PRs separated by a >5-mm length of artery containing smooth lumen contours), thrombus (had a layered lobulated appearance, evidence of blood flow within the mass, and speckling or scintillation), and plaque prolapse (tissue extrusion through the stent struts). RESULTS Of 112 patients, no-reflow was observed in 17 patients (15.2%). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly higher (6.2+/-6.0 mg/dl vs. 2.2+/-2.9 mg/dl, p=0.002) and baseline TIMI flow grade was significantly lower in no-reflow group (TIMI flow grade<3: 59% vs. 18%, p<0.001). Lesion site plaque plus media area was significantly greater (12.9+/-2.6 mm(2) vs. 10.8+/-4.2 mm(2), p=0.009), remodeling index was significantly higher (1.14+/-0.17 vs. 1.03+/-0.20, p=0.031), and the presence of IVUS-detected thrombus (88% vs. 56%, p=0.012), culprit lesion multiple PRs (71% vs. 37%, p=0.009), and plaque prolapse (65% vs. 34%, p=0.015) were significantly more common in no-reflow group. In the multivariate analysis, plaque prolapse (OR=33.02; 95% CI 3.38-322.75, p=0.003), hs-CRP (OR=1.03; 95% CI 1.01-1.05, p=0.013), and culprit lesion multiple PRs (OR=15.73; 95% CI 1.61-153.46, p=0.018) were independent predictors of post-PCI no-reflow in AMI patients with PR. CONCLUSIONS Elevated hs-CRP and IVUS-detected multiple PRs and plaque prolapse are associated with no-reflow after PCI for PR-containing culprit lesion in infarct-related arteries in AMI patients.