Predictors of Successful Transition from School to Employment for Youth with Disabilities

Abstract

Objective This study examined data from the second National Longitudinal Transition Study to determine variables associated with post-high school competitive employment, and to develop a logistic regression model for predicting successful employment outcomes. Design A longitudinal survey design. Setting United States. Participants A nationally representative sample (N = 2,900) of special education students who exited high school in the 2002/2003 school year. Main Outcome Measure Any competitive employment during the 6-year study period. Results A number of predictors of competitive employment were confirmed, including high school employment experiences, parental expectations of post-high school employment, arrest record, and school type. The strongest predictors were high school employment experiences and parental expectations of a post-high school employment. Conclusions The current study supports finding of several prior studies and fail to support others, such as the importance of self-determination for adult success. The findings highlight two aspects of the transition process that are critical for success: employment training and work experiences in high school, and high parental expectations for their child’s future.

DOI: 10.1007/s10926-014-9541-6

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@article{Wehman2014PredictorsOS, title={Predictors of Successful Transition from School to Employment for Youth with Disabilities}, author={Paul Howard Wehman and Adam P . Sima and Jessica McKinney Ketchum and Michael D. West and Fong H Chan and Richard G. Luecking}, journal={Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation}, year={2014}, volume={25}, pages={323-334} }