Predictors of Postpartum Depression: An Update

  title={Predictors of Postpartum Depression: An Update},
  author={Cheryl Tatano Beck},
  journal={Nursing Research},
BackgroundApproximately 13% of women experience postpartum depression. Early recognition is one of the most difficult challenges with this mood disorder because of how covertly it is suffered. ObjectivesThe purpose of this meta-analysis was to update the findings of an earlier meta-analysis of postpartum depression predictors that had synthesized the results of studies conducted mostly in the 1980s. MethodA meta-analysis of 84 studies published in the decade of the 1990s was conducted to… 
A significant proportion of Gujarati women had postpartum depression and many psychosocial factors are associated with it.
Multivariate analysis of predictors of depression symptomatology after childbirth.
Immediately after childbirth biological and psychological factors seem to be predictive for postpartum symptomatology while later only psychological factors are of greater importance.
Postpartum Depression Prevalence and Risk Factors in Turkey: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis
Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression: An Umbrella Review.
An umbrella review was conducted to summarize and synthesize previously published systematic reviews and meta-analyses of PPD risk factors, finding 25 statistically significant risk factors emerged with 2 additional risk factors presenting inconclusive findings.
A Study of Postpartum Depression in a Fast Developing Country: Prevalence and Related Factors
Financial difficulties, prematurity, lack of family support, and poor marital relationships have been identified as main risk factors for developing postpartum depression.
Predisposing Factors of Postpartum Depression
Approaches that will lead to increased willingness of mothers to realize the predisposing factors of this disorder, as well as family support and also social support by health care providers can be effective in preventing postpartum depression.
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression Among Latinas
A systematic review, quality review, and meta-analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression among adult Latinas in the United States found prenatal depression, IPV, social support (general and from partner/father), economic stress and education are risk factors that should be screened for when working with perinatal Latinas.
Preventing postpartum depression: review and recommendations
Among biological studies, anti-depressants and nutrients provided the most evidence of successful intervention, and interpersonal therapy trials and trials that targeted an at-risk population appear to hold the most promise for further study.


A meta-analysis of predictors of postpartum depression.
A meta-analysis of 44 studies was conducted to determine the magnitude of the relationship between postpartum depression and each of the following predictor variables: prenatal depression, history of
Use of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale to identify postpartum depression in a clinical setting.
Marital instability, lack of medical insurance and a history of depression were the factors found to correlate most significantly with elevated EPDS scores.
A meta-analysis of the relationship between postpartum depression and infant temperament.
A meta-analysis of 17 studies found sample size and year of publication were significantly correlated with the effect size of temperament in infants of postpartum depressed mothers.
Postnatal depression: a Christchurch study.
Postnatal depression appears to be more widespread than is generally realised and greater use could be made of the EPDS to increase confidence in a diagnosis of depression, and involvement of male partners in the treatment process is highly desirable.
Factors Related to Postpartum Depression
It was concluded that psychosocial and hormonal factors played a more important role in postpartum depression than demographic and perinatal factors.
Postpartum psychiatric illness in Arab culture: Prevalence and psychosocial correlates
The prevalence rates of postpartum psychiatric morbidity and its risk factors in this Arab culture are similar to the results obtained in numerous previous studies in industrialised countries, which have implications for the early detection and care of women at risk for post partum depression.
The role of obstetric factors in postpartum depression
In women with a previous history of depressive disorder obstetric risk was significantly related to the occurrence of postpartum depression, and it may be profitable to institute routine antenatal recording of information concerning psychiatric history.
The Leicester 500 Project. Social support and the development of postnatal depressive symptoms, a prospective cohort survey.
Predictors of depressive symptom development differ from predictors of recovery from clinical depression in women, and interventions should be designed to reduce specific deficits in social support observed in particular study populations.
Prospective investigation of postpartum depression: factors involved in onset and recovery.
Onset of depression in the postpartum was predicted by the levels during pregnancy of depressive symptomatology and perceived maternal and paternal care during childhood and recovery from depression during pregnancy was not predicted by a number of psychosocial variables examined.