Predictors of Language Dominance: An Integrated Analysis of First Language Attrition and Second Language Acquisition in Late Bilinguals

  title={Predictors of Language Dominance: An Integrated Analysis of First Language Attrition and Second Language Acquisition in Late Bilinguals},
  author={Monika S. Schmid and g{\"u}lşen yılmaz},
  journal={Frontiers in Psychology},
Late bilinguals who spend (part of) their adult lives in an environment where a language other than the one they learned in childhood is spoken typically experience a range of language development phenomena. Most obviously, they will acquire some level of receptive and/or productive knowledge of the new, or second, language (L2). How basic or advanced that level will be is determined by a range of environmental, experiential, attitudinal and individual factors. Secondly, they will most likely… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Is it possible to predict which bilingual speakers have switched language dominance? A discriminant analysis

ABSTRACT Linguistic research on bilinguals has sometimes focused on either first vs. second acquired language or dominant vs. non-dominant language despite situations in which the dominant and first

First Language Attrition and Dominance: Same Same or Different?

The present study demonstrates that attrition of a highly entrenched L1 is a phenomenon affecting language processing only temporarily and that it is likely to regress quickly after reexposure or return to balanced L1-use and illustrates that time scales involved in dominance shift or attrition are much shorter than previously thought.

Understanding Language Attrition through Orthography

The decay in the proficiency of the native language (L1), known as first language attrition, is one of the least understood phenomena associated with the acquisition of a second language (L2).

Attriters and Bilinguals: What’s in a Name?

The view on what may be the essence of L1 attrition is presented and ways of examining it as a type of bilingual experience are suggested, in particular with relation to its neurocognitive bases.

Predictors of language proficiency and cultural identification in heritage bilinguals

According to the 2020 U.S. Census Bureau, more than 66 million residents over the age of 5 in the United States speak a language other than English at home. Some bilinguals become dominant in the

“I no longer count in German.” On dominance shift in returnee heritage speakers

Abstract This study analyzes the degree of language balance in three groups of bilingual speakers of Portuguese and German: a group of Portuguese heritage speakers (HSs) living in Germany, another


Abstract We evaluated external and internal sources of variation in second language (L2) and native language (L1) proficiency among college students. One hundred and twelve native-English L2 learners

Lexical Access in L1 Attrition—Competition versus Frequency: A Comparison of Turkish and Moroccan Attriters in the Netherlands

Lexical access and lexical diversity are often assumed to be vulnerable to first language (L1) attrition. They also differ between monolinguals and nonimmersed bilinguals. This raises the question

Analysis of the Determining Factors for Differences in Language Acquisition Skills Among Various Non-Native Speakers

This research study has provided a sustainable viewpoint about the impact of language acquisition skills on the development process of non-native speakers. There are several factors in the process of

The Role of First Language Attrition in Persian Idiomatic Expressions

Results revealed that the immigrants underwent FLA and the rate of attrition was higher in long-term immigrants and the results are in harmony with the Activation Threshold Hypothesis showing the language attrition among fewer L1 users.



L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: Global language proficiency and language dominance in adult bilinguals

L1 attrition is increasingly being studied as a feature of bilingualism, taking into account the parallel process of L2 language acquisition in a migrant situation. Such situations may foster L1

Perceived foreign accent in first language attrition and second language acquisition: The impact of age of acquisition and bilingualism

ABSTRACT This study investigates constraints on ultimate attainment in second language (L2) pronunciation in a direct comparison of perceived foreign accent of 40 late L2 learners and 40 late first

A dynamic perspective on late bilinguals’ linguistic development in an L2 environment

This paper provides a dynamic perspective on the linguistic development of adult bilinguals in an L2 environment, and an empirical test for the principles formulated within a dynamic systems approach

Interdependence of first-and second-language proficiency in

When children begin the acquisition of a second language (L2), whether in the home or at school, their cognitive resources clearly play a central role in the rapidity and ultimate success with which

Assessing Language Dominance in Bilingual Acquisition: A Case for Mean Length Utterance Differentials

The notion of language dominance is often defined in terms of proficiency. We distinguish dominance, as a property of the bilingual mind and a concept of language knowledge, from proficiency, as a

Language dominance in bilinguals: issues of measurement and operationalization

With contributions from leading scholars of bilingualism, Language Dominance in Bilinguals is the fi rst publication to survey different approaches to language dominance, along with suggested avenues

The impact of language co-activation on L1 and L2 speech fluency.

Contact x time External factors and variability in L1 attrition

Investigations of the language behaviour of immigrant communities usually find that the degree of maintenance of the heritage language or shift to the language of the host country differs both

Losing a language in childhood: a longitudinal case study on language attrition.

Results show first effects of language attrition after 5 months of reduced exposure to German; 18 months later the informant showed severe word retrieval difficulties and was unable to produce complete sentences in her L2.

Losing English as a First Language.

LOSING ONE'S FIRST LANGUAGE (LANguage attrition) has been documented in a wide variety of settings. Although some anecdotal evidence exists of language loss in situations of extreme isolation from