American Heart Association Statistics C, Stroke Statistics S. Heart disease and stroke statistics--2015 update: a report from the American Heart Association
- D Mozaffarian, EJ Benjamin, AS Go
- Circulation 2015;
BACKGROUND The length of hospital stay (LOS) is important in patients admitted for acute heart failure (AHF) because it prolongs an unpleasant experience for the patients and adds substantially to health care costs. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the association between LOS and baseline characteristics, 10-day post-discharge HF readmission, and 90-day post-discharge mortality in 1347 patients with AHF enrolled in the VERITAS program. Longer LOS was associated with greater HF severity and disease burden at baseline; however, most of the variability of LOS could not be explained by these factors. LOS was associated with a higher HF risk of both HF readmission (odds ratio for 1-day increase: 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.16; P = .019) and 90-day mortality (hazard ratio for 1-day increase: 1.05; 95% CI 1.02-1.07; P < .001), although these associations are partially explained by concurrent end-organ damage and worsening heart failure during the first days of admission. CONCLUSIONS In patients who have been admitted for AHF, longer length of hospital stay is associated with a higher rate of short-term mortality. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION VERITAS-1 and -2: Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers NCT00525707 and NCT00524433.