Predictive value of electrocardiographic T-wave morphology parameters and T-wave peak to T-wave end interval for sudden cardiac death in the general population.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Previous population studies have found an association between electrocardiographic T-wave morphology parameters and cardiovascular mortality, but their relationship to sudden cardiac death (SCD) is not clear. To our knowledge, there are no follow-up studies assessing the association between electrocardiographic T-wave peak to T-wave end interval (TPE) and SCD. We assessed the predictive value of electrocardiographic T-wave morphology parameters and TPE for SCD in an adult general population sample. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 4 T-wave morphology parameters (principal component analysis ratio, T-wave morphology dispersion, total cosine R-to-T, T-wave residuum) as well as TPE were measured from digital standard 12-lead ECGs in 5618 adults (46% men; mean age 50.9±12.5 years) participating in the Finnish population-based Health 2000 Study. After a mean follow-up time of 7.7±1.4 years, 72 SCDs had occurred. In univariable analyses, all T-wave morphology parameters were associated with an increased SCD risk. In multivariable Cox models, T-wave morphology dispersion and total cosine R-to-T remained as predictors of SCD, with T-wave morphology dispersion showing the highest SCD risk (hazard ratio of 1.4 [95% confidence interval 1.1-1.7, P=0.001] per 1 SD increase in the loge T-wave morphology dispersion). In contrast, TPE was not associated with SCD in univariable or multivariable analyses. CONCLUSIONS Electrocardiographic T-wave morphology parameters describing the 3-dimensional shape of the T-wave stratify SCD risk in the general population, but we did not find an association between TPE and SCD.

DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.113.000356

Cite this paper

@article{Porthan2013PredictiveVO, title={Predictive value of electrocardiographic T-wave morphology parameters and T-wave peak to T-wave end interval for sudden cardiac death in the general population.}, author={Kimmo Markus Porthan and Matti Viitasalo and Lauri Toivonen and Aki S. Havulinna and Antti M . Jula and Jani T . Tikkanen and Heikki V{\"a}{\"a}n{\"a}nen and Markku Sakari Nieminen and Heikki Huikuri and Christopher H. Newton-Cheh and Veikko Salomaa and Lasse Oikarinen}, journal={Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology}, year={2013}, volume={6 4}, pages={690-6} }