The aim of this study was to define if the alterations in sensory modalities could be a predictive factor in the prognostic recovery of the ION. Ten patients that had suffered facial trauma, associated with sensitivity alterations of the ION were evaluated prospectively. Touch detection thresholds (TD) were measured using Von Frey's filaments aesthesiometer. A warm/cold discrimination (W/C) was also done to the patients, on the same areas. The patients were examined in both sides of the face, using the non-traumatized side as control. The tests were done before surgery and several times postoperatively. For statistical analysis of the results, the two-sample t test was used. A significant difference (P < 0.0001) in the mean tactile recovery time between the areas without thermal sensitivity before surgery and those with normal thermal sensitivity before surgery was observed. Therefore, we propose that during the preoperative examination, the surgeon examines the thermal discrimination in order to establish prognosis and approximate recovery times.