Prediction of the acoustic and bubble fields in insonified freeze-drying vials.

Abstract

The acoustic field and the location of cavitation bubble are computed in vials used for freeze-drying, insonified from the bottom by a vibrating plate. The calculations rely on a nonlinear model of sound propagation in a cavitating liquid [Louisnard, Ultrason. Sonochem., 19, (2012) 56-65]. Both the vibration amplitude and the liquid level in the vial are parametrically varied. For low liquid levels, a threshold amplitude is required to form a cavitation zone at the bottom of the vial. For increasing vibration amplitudes, the bubble field slightly thickens but remains at the vial bottom, and the acoustic field saturates, which cannot be captured by linear acoustics. On the other hand, increasing the liquid level may promote the formation of a secondary bubble structure near the glass wall, a few centimeters below the free liquid surface. These predictions suggest that rather complex acoustic fields and bubble structures can arise even in such small volumes. As the acoustic and bubble fields govern ice nucleation during the freezing step, the final crystal's size distribution in the frozen product may crucially depend on the liquid level in the vial.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2015.03.008

Cite this paper

@article{Louisnard2015PredictionOT, title={Prediction of the acoustic and bubble fields in insonified freeze-drying vials.}, author={Olivier Louisnard and C Cogn{\'e} and S Labouret and W Montes-Quiroz and Roman Peczalski and Fabien Baillon and Fabienne Espitalier}, journal={Ultrasonics sonochemistry}, year={2015}, volume={26}, pages={186-92} }