Prediction of mean pulmonary wedge pressure using doppler pulmonary venous flow variables in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Abstract

We examined whether pulmonary venous flow variables, assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography, could predict mean pulmonary wedge pressure in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Forty-four patients with no left ventricular systolic dysfunction (left ventricular fractional shortening > or =25%) were studied. Forty patients with systolic dysfunction (dilated cardiomyopathy group) served as control. Mitral and pulmonary venous flow velocity curves were recorded with the pulsed-Doppler method and were related to mean pulmonary wedge pressure obtained by right heart catheterization. In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the systolic (r=-0.15, P=0.335) and diastolic (r=0.35, P=0.022) forward flow velocity were poorly related to mean pulmonary wedge pressure, whereas the velocity of atrial reversal (r=0.68, P<0.001) correlated well with mean pulmonary wedge pressure. In dilated cardiomyopathy group, the systolic (r=-0.51, P=0.001) and diastolic (r=0.60, P<0.001) forward flow velocity were strongly related to mean pulmonary wedge pressure. With the cut-off value set at the velocity of atrial reversal >30 cm/s in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy group, the sensitivity for predicting mean pulmonary wedge pressure >15 mmHg was 79% and the specificity was 73%. In conclusion, the atrial component of the pulmonary venous flow can be used to predict mean pulmonary wedge pressure in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Cite this paper

@article{Ito2000PredictionOM, title={Prediction of mean pulmonary wedge pressure using doppler pulmonary venous flow variables in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.}, author={Takahide Ito and Michihiro Suwa and Ayaka Kobashi and Tadashi Nakamura and Shuichi Miyazaki and Yushi Hirota}, journal={International journal of cardiology}, year={2000}, volume={76 1}, pages={49-56} }