Prediction and Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 234.

  title={Prediction and Prevention of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: ACOG Practice Bulletin Summary, Number 234.},
  journal={Obstetrics and gynecology},
  volume={138 2},
  • Published 1 August 2021
  • Medicine
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
Preterm birth is among the most complex and important challenges in obstetrics. Despite decades of research and clinical advancement, approximately 1 in 10 newborns in the United States is born prematurely. These newborns account for approximately three-quarters of perinatal mortality and more than one half of long-term neonatal morbidity, at significant social and economic cost (1-3). Because preterm birth is the common endpoint for multiple pathophysiologic processes, detailed classification… 
2 Citations


The epidemiology, etiology, and costs of preterm birth.
The phenotype of spontaneous preterm birth: application of a clinical phenotyping tool.
The Cost of Preterm Birth Throughout Childhood in England and Wales
Despite concerns about ongoing costs after discharge from perinatal services, the largest contribution to the economic implications of preterm birth are hospital inpatient costs after birth, which are responsible for 92.0% of the incremental costs per preterm survivor.
The preterm birth syndrome: a prototype phenotypic classification.
The contribution of low birth weight to infant mortality and childhood morbidity.
Continuation of the current decline in neonatal mortality and reduction of the mortality differentials between high- and low-risk groups require the identification and more effective implementation of strategies for the prevention of low-weight births.