Predicting changes in clinical status of young asthmatics: clinical scores or objective parameters?

Abstract

Preventing asthma exacerbation is an important goal of asthma management. The existing clinical tools are not good in predicting asthma exacerbations in young children. Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) was recently published to be a simple tool for assessing disease control in young children. This study investigated C-ACT and other disease-related factors for indicating longitudinal changes in asthma status and predicting asthma exacerbations. During the same clinic visit, asthma patients aged 4-11 years completed the Chinese version of C-ACT and underwent exhaled nitric oxide and spirometric measurements. Blinded to these results, the same investigator assigned Disease Severity Score (DSS) and rated asthma control according to Global Initiative for Asthma. Asthma exacerbations during the next 6 months were recorded. Ninety-seven patients were recruited, with their mean (standard deviation [SD]) age being 9.2 (2.0) years. Thirty-six (37.1%) patients had uncontrolled asthma at baseline. C-ACT, DSS, and FEV(1) differed among patients with different control status (P < 0.001 for C-ACT and DSS; P = 0.028 for FEV(1)). Thirty-two patients had asthma exacerbations during the 6-month follow-up. Changes in patients' C-ACT scores correlated with changes in asthma control status, DSS, and FEV(1) (P = 0.019, 0.034, and 0.020, respectively). C-ACT score was lower among patients with asthma exacerbations (mean [SD]: 22.9 [4.2] vs. 24.5 [2.1]; P = 0.015). Logistic regression confirmed that the occurrence of asthma exacerbations was associated only with baseline C-ACT (B = -0.203, P = 0.042). In conclusion, C-ACT is better than DSS and objective parameters in reflecting changes in asthma status and predicting asthma exacerbations in young children.

DOI: 10.1002/ppul.20977

Cite this paper

@article{Leung2009PredictingCI, title={Predicting changes in clinical status of young asthmatics: clinical scores or objective parameters?}, author={Ting F Leung and Fanny W. S. Ko and Gary Wing-kin Wong and Chung Yi Li and Edmund C M Yung and David Shu-Cheong Hui and Christopher K. W. Lai}, journal={Pediatric pulmonology}, year={2009}, volume={44 5}, pages={442-9} }