Predicting Persistent Back Symptoms by Psychosocial Risk Factors: Validity Criteria for the ÖMPSQ and the HKF-R 10 in Germany

@article{Riewe2016PredictingPB,
  title={Predicting Persistent Back Symptoms by Psychosocial Risk Factors: Validity Criteria for the {\"O}MPSQ and the HKF-R 10 in Germany},
  author={E. Riewe and Eva Neubauer and Ann-Christin Pfeifer and Marcus Schiltenwolf},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2016},
  volume={11}
}
Objective 10% of all individuals in Germany develop persistent symptoms due to nonspecific back pain (NSBP) causing up to 90% of direct and indirect expenses for health care systems. Evidence indicates a strong relationship between chronic nonspecific back pain and psychosocial risk factors. The Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (ÖMPSQ) and the German Heidelberger Kurzfragebogen Rückenschmerz (HKF-R 10) are deemed valid in prediction of persistent pain, functional loss or… 

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