Predatory behavior in a necrophagous bee Trigona hypogea (Hymenoptera; Apidae, Meliponini)

  title={Predatory behavior in a necrophagous bee Trigona hypogea (Hymenoptera; Apidae, Meliponini)},
  author={Sidnei Mateus and Fernando B Noll},
Although most bees feed on nectar and pollen, several exceptions have been reported. The strangest of all is the habit found in some neotropical stingless bees, which have completely replaced pollen-eating by eating animal protein from corpses. For more than 20 years, it was believed that carrion was the only protein source for these bees. We report that these bees feed not only off dead animals, but on the living brood of social wasps and possibly other similar sources. Using well developed… Expand
Stingless bee floral visitation in the global tropics and subtropics
A database of reported associations (flower visits) between stingless bees and plants, from studies that have made either direct observations of foraging bees or analysed the pollen stored in nests supports the view that stingless Bees play an important role in the ecosystems of the global tropics and subtropics as pollinators of an exceptionally large and diverse number of plants. Expand
A primer of host-plant specialization in bees.
A brief account of the range of bee-floral associations encompassing floral specialization in terms of diet, behavior, and morphology is provided. Expand
Evolutionary and Ecological Pressures Shaping Social Wasps Collective Defenses
Primary predators of large wasp colonies seem to be highly adapted to resist or avoid aggressive nest defense, such as large birds and mammals, and ants and hornets, and ants. Expand
Description of an ancient social bee trapped in amber using diagnostic radioentomology
The application of non-invasive imaging technologies using X-radiation (diagnostic radioentomology, ‘DR’) is demonstrated for the study of amber-entombed social bees and permits the accurate reconstruction of features otherwise obscured or impossible to visualize without destroying the sample. Expand


Obligate Necrophagy in a Social Bee
The social bee Trigona hypogea uses carrion instead of pollen as a protein source, andlandular secretions of 20 percent protein content appear to replace stored pollen. Expand
Morphological and biochemical analysis of the stored and larval food of an obligate necrophagous bee, Trigona hypogea
The results show that the larval food of T. hypogea has a higher protein content than the food stored in the pots and that it presents an electrophoretical protein pattern similar to that of the hypopharyngeal gland, indicating that workers add glandular secretions to the larVAL food while provisioning the brood cells. Expand
Systematics and bionomics of the apoid obligate necrophages: the Trigona hypogea group (Hymenoptera: Apidae; Meliponinae)
Facultative necrophagy in Trigona probably became obligate due to preadaptations including massive forager recruitment via pheromone trails; aggressive foraging on carrion exudates; rapid location of novel resources; beneficial microbes in bee glandular secretions that metabolize protein and produce antibiotics; and queen cells and food storage pots of the same size and close proximity. Expand
The Bees of the World
In this extensive update of his definitive reference, Charles D. Michener reveals a diverse fauna that numbers more than 17,000 species and ranges from the common honeybee to rare bees that feed onExpand
Evolution of Social Behavior in the Vespidae
The purpose of the present review is to examine the social behavior of the Vespidae and to discuss the features that appear to have been important to evolution within the group. Expand
Food collection and maturation in the necrophagous stingless bee, Trigona hypogea (Hymenoptera, Meliponinae)
  • J Kans Entomol Soc 69:287–293
  • 1997
The evolution of nest architecture. In: Ross KG, Matthews RW (eds) The social biology of wasps
  • 1991