Predator-prey interactions in two schooling fishes, Caranx ignobilis and Stolephorus purpureus

@article{Major1978PredatorpreyII,
  title={Predator-prey interactions in two schooling fishes, Caranx ignobilis and Stolephorus purpureus
},
  author={P. F. Major},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={1978},
  volume={26},
  pages={760-777}
}
Abstract Interactions between the jack, Caranx ignobilis , a facultative schooling species, and the Hawaiian anchovy, Stolephorus purpureus , an obligate schooler were studied within an enclosure in the field in Hawaii. Single predators were the most successful at capturing isolated (individual) prey, and relatively unsuccessful at capturing individuals in schools. Grouped (schooled) predators were the most successful at capturing schooled prey. The leading, or first, predator was the most… Expand
Comparison of the Hunting Behavior of Four Piscine Predators Attacking Schooling Prey
TLDR
Four piscine predator species were observed repeatedly attacking large schools of flat-iron herring, Harengula thrissina, and were extremely proficient at capturing prey, either by orienting on individuals (stragglers) or accelerating into the school and ramming their prey (impact attacks). Expand
The predatory tactics of Caranx melampygus and the response of its prey
Caranx melampygus is a diurnally active reef predator and observations on its hunting activity and upon the way prey species respond to it suggest that it uses an optimal foraging strategy. WithinExpand
Schooling affects the feeding success of Australian salmon (Arripis trutta) when preying on mysid swarms (Paramesopodopsis rufa).
TLDR
Six fish schooled more cohesively than three fish, indicating increased benefits of schooling in larger groups that contribute to advanced vigilance and foraging techniques. Expand
Ontogenetic changes in foraging tactics of the piscivorous cornetfish Fistularia commersonii
TLDR
As their body sizes increased, F. commersonii began to show a diversification of foraging behaviors, which was strongly related not only to the habitat types and anti-predatory behaviors of the prey fishes but also to associative foraging with con- or heterospecifics, which improves their foraging success. Expand
Predator avoidance and school size in a cyprinodontid fish, the banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus Lesueur)
TLDR
The results fo not support the proposed early predator warning function of social groups, which predicts an asymptotically increasing flight reaction distance with increasing group size, but fish in larger and safer groups may detect an approaching predator sooner but delay their flight response, thereby permitting their individual members to spend more time assessing the nature of the threat before escaping. Expand
Prey switching of cod and whiting in the North Sea
TLDR
If not counteracted by compensatory changes in spatial overlap or total food intake, neg-ative switching is likely to destabilise the interactions between cod and whiting and their fish prey, and increase the overall stability of homogeneous sys-tems of interacting species. Expand
Proto-cooperation: group hunting sailfish improve hunting success by alternating attacks on grouping prey
TLDR
It is shown that group hunting provides major efficiency gains for individuals in groups of up to 70 members, and that a free riding strategy, where some individuals wait until the prey are sufficiently injured before attacking, is only beneficial if the cost of attacking is high, and only then when waiting times are short. Expand
Energetics of piscivorous predator-prey interactions
Information on fish swimming mechanics and feeding behaviour are combined in an energetic model of the feeding efficiency of a simple piscivorous predator-prey interaction. The intent is to makeExpand
Functional and aggregative response of North Sea whiting
TLDR
Whiting seem unlikely to impose a regulatory effect on their fish prey outside a narrow range of prey densities, as the amount of other food and fish prey ingested were not negatively correlated. Expand
Group size and anti-predator strategies in a marine insect
TLDR
Halobates that live in groups acquire a double protection: a lower probability of attack, as a result of a simple dilution effect, and a higher probability of escape if attacked if attacked, with fish predators whose approach is unseen by the insects. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Prey Capture in the Largemouth Bass
TLDR
Differences in the pattern of approach to prey indicated that the bass distinguished different types of prey and whether the prey was on the bottom or in mid-water, and the additional velocity of the upper jaw due to protrusion of the premaxilla was measured. Expand
PREDATOR-PREY INTERACTIONS IN SCHOOLING FISHES DURING PERIODS OF TWILIGHT: A STUDY OF THE SILVERSIDE PRANESUS INSULARUM IN HAWAll 1
Observations offree living and captive silversides were made in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, in October and November 1972 and September 1973. The silversides demonstrated changes in schooling behaviorExpand
Optimal strategies for predator avoidance: the relative importance of speed and manoeuvrability.
  • H. Howland
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1974
TLDR
Situations in which the results of the turning gambit may be expected to give realistic predictions of capture or escape are discussed together with physical factors governing the relationship between turning radius and velocity, and the conditions under which the prey might profitably trade higher velocity for a smaller turning radius. Expand
Escape response in the damselfish Chromis cyanea (Pisces: Pomacentridae): A quantitative study
TLDR
Natural behaviour of Chromis suggests that cues such as sound, vibration, and details of shape, colours, and motion also play a role in triggering escape, and darker coloured models were more effective in causing escape than lighter coloured models, suggesting contrast as an important feature of the stimulus. Expand
The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio) I. The stimulus for escape
TLDR
The hypothesis was tested that zebra danios react to an approaching predator when the rate of change of the angle subtended by the predator at the prey's eye exceeds some threshold level and the reactive field was shown to be circular, demonstrating that the mechanism is not solely a binocular one. Expand
The Population Biology of Coral Reef Fishes
TLDR
Coral reefs provide diving biologists with a stunning diversity of organisms acces­ sible in three dimensions; a diver is, in a sense, able to do the rough equivalent of flying over, through, and along the edge of a tropical rain forest. Expand
The escape response of the zebra danio (Brachydanio rerio) II. The effect of experience
TLDR
The danios apparently associated the visual characteristics of the predator with its subsequent high rate of angular growth and began to respond to these visual characteristics prior to dα/dt exceeding the threshold, and flight distance increased asymptotically. Expand
Oddity and Specific Searching Image more Important than Conspicuousness in Prey Selection
TLDR
Results from 1,600 laboratory experiments performed with two species of hawks in rigorous experimental conditions suggest that oddity and the specific searching image are more important in prey selection than conspicuousness or oddity. Expand
Geometry for the selfish herd.
  • W. Hamilton
  • Mathematics, Medicine
  • Journal of theoretical biology
  • 1971
TLDR
An antithesis to the view that gregarious behaviour is evolved through benefits to the population or species is presented, and simply defined models are used to show that even in non-gregarious species selection is likely to favour individuals who stay close to others. Expand
Some Behavioral Interactions of Spottail Shiners (Notropis hudsonius), Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens), and Northern Pike (Esox lucius)
TLDR
Yellow perch (Perca flavescens) show an ontogeny of behavior through young-of-the-year, aggregation-sized perch, subadults, and adults, and they behave as individuals or associate as streams. Expand
...
1
2
3
...