Predator inspection behaviour in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus): body size, local predation pressure and cooperation

@article{Walling2004PredatorIB,
  title={Predator inspection behaviour in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus): body size, local predation pressure and cooperation},
  author={C. Walling and N. Dawnay and Anahita J N Kazem and J. Wright},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={56},
  pages={164-170}
}
The apparently maladaptive tendency of fish to approach and inspect potential predators has been explained in terms of useful information gathering or as a signal to the predator that it has been seen. We examined this behaviour in 16 populations of wild-caught stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) from ponds with and without predatory perch (Perca fluviatilis). Three large and three small individuals per population were each exposed to three model predators differing in realism. A final… Expand
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