Predator-induced plasticity in web-building behaviour

@article{Li2004PredatorinducedPI,
  title={Predator-induced plasticity in web-building behaviour},
  author={Daiqin Li and W. S. Lee},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2004},
  volume={67},
  pages={309-318}
}
  • Daiqin Li, W. Lee
  • Published 1 February 2004
  • Environmental Science
  • Animal Behaviour

Predator chemical cues decrease attack time and increase metabolic rate in an orb-web spider

TLDR
Female orb-web spiders, Argiope keyserlingi, elevate their metabolic rate under the risk of predation, allowing them to respond quicker and spend less time on foraging, reducing their exposure to predators.

Predator exposure and size-related variation in web-building and web-decorating behavior in Argiope appensa

TLDR
Test the hypothesis that spiders will build smaller webs and larger, more complex web decorations in response to the presence of birds by surveying forest edges on Guam and Rota to assess the influence of two factors – extrinsic (predator exposure) and intrinsic – on web size, web decoration length, and decoration pattern.

The effect of predation risk on spider's decisions on web-site relocation

TLDR
Spiders that received simulated predator stimuli relocated more often on the day after treatment than did spiders that were not exposed to predator stimuli, indicating that spiders estimated futurepredation risk from their predator-encounter experience and responded to perceived increase in predation risk at current site by abandoning their web site upon web-rebuilding.

Behavioral ecology of wasp-spider interactions : the role of webs, chemicals, and deception

TLDR
By conducting behavioral and chemical assays, it is determined that Sceliphron caementarium wasps recognize araneids as potential prey due to the presence of chemicals present on their silk and cuticle.

The influence of predator cues on orb-web spider foraging behaviour

TLDR
It is suggested that orb-web spider Argiope keyserlingi may use multiple cues to assess predation pressure and that they respond differently to predators based on past experience.

Homology in a context dependent predatory behavior in spiders (Araneae)

TLDR
The evolution of reeling suggests an alternative mechanism for the production of evolutionary novelties; that is, the exploration of unusual ecological conditions and of the regular effects these abnormal conditions have on phenotype expression.

Testing traditional hypotheses about prey capture efficiency in orb-web spiders

TLDR
It is concluded that only sun exposure has an important effect on orb-web spiders’ prey capture efficiency in A. argentata and that silk decorations have different functions depending on the habitat and the species.
...

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TLDR
It is shown that stabilimentum building is a defensive behavior, supporting the ‘‘web advertisement’’ hypothesis that the high visibility of stabilimenta can prevent birds from flying through webs and suggesting that much of the variation in stabilimentsa may be accounted for by a cost–benefit trade-off made when including stabilimento in webs.

Signalling conflict between prey and predator attraction

TLDR
St. Andrew’s Cross spiders apparently resolve the conflicting nature of a prey‐ and predator‐attracting signal by varying their decorating behaviour according to the risk of predation: spiders spun fewer decorations if their webs were located in dense vegetation where predators had greater access, than if the webs were Located in sparse vegetation.

Foraging behaviour in orb-web spiders (Araneidae): do web decorations increase prey capture success in Argiope keyserlingi Karsch, 1878?

TLDR
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  • Biology
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TLDR
The innate colour preferences of insects, their ability to learn colours, and the spectral properties of flowers all suggest that the reflectance spectra of stabilimenta renders them relatively cryptic to many insect prey, while maintaining their visibility to vertebrate predators.

Stabilimenta attract unwelcome predators to orb–webs

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  • Environmental Science
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  • 2001
TLDR
Experimental evidence is provided that stabilimenta can act as visual signals that attract web–invading spider–eating predators with acute vision to the webs and it is shown that the predators can learn to remember a particular type of stabilimentum.

Anti‐predator defences of Argiope appensa (Araneae, Araneidae), a tropical orb‐weaving spider

TLDR
Anti-predator defence behaviour of Argiope appensa (Fuesslin) (Araneae, Araneidae) was studied in the laboratory and there was no evidence that chemical stimuli from potential predators were important.

Diet of a polyphagous arthropod predator affects refuge seeking of its thrips prey

TLDR
This work studied refuge use by a herbivorous/omnivorous thrips in response to odours associated with a generalist predatory bug, Orius laevigatus, fed either with conspecific thrips or with other prey, and discussed the consequences of this antipredator behaviour for population dynamics.

Feeding experience affects web relocation and investment in web threads in an orb-web spider, Cyclosa argenteoalba

TLDR
It is suggested that spiders minimize their investment in web threads until they are certain that the web site is prey rich, and use previous experience of prey capture at a web site to decide whether to relocate their web.

Behavioral Response of Argiope trifasciata to Recent Foraging Gain: A Manipulative Study

TLDR
The results indicate that Argiope trifasciata do not alter size of stabilimenta in response to recent foraging gain alone, and factors other than food intake are involved.

The role of experience in web-building spiders (Araneidae)

TLDR
Experienced web-building spiders constructed more asymmetric webs than conspecifics deprived of any prior building experience over a period of several months, revealing that experience can contribute to intraspecific as well as to individual variations in web design.
...