Predator-induced morphology enhances escape locomotion in crucian carp.

@article{Domenici2008PredatorinducedME,
  title={Predator-induced morphology enhances escape locomotion in crucian carp.},
  author={Paolo Domenici and H{\aa}kan Br{\"o}nmark Turesson and Jakob Brodersen and Christer Br{\"o}nmark},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={275 1631},
  pages={195-201}
}
Fishes show a remarkable diversity of shapes which have been associated with their swimming abilities and anti-predator adaptations. The crucian carp (Carassius carassius) provides an extreme example of phenotypic plasticity in body shape which makes it a unique model organism for evaluating the relationship between body form and function in fishes. In crucian carp, a deep body is induced by the presence of pike (Esox lucius), and this results in lower vulnerability to gape-limited predators… CONTINUE READING
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