Precopulatory sexual interaction in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): Role of a pheromone derived from dietary alkaloids

@article{Conner1981PrecopulatorySI,
  title={Precopulatory sexual interaction in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): Role of a pheromone derived from dietary alkaloids},
  author={William E. Conner and Thomas Eisner and Robert K. vander Meer and {\'A}ngel Guerrero and Jerrold Meinwald},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={1981},
  volume={9},
  pages={227-235}
}
SummaryMales of Utetheisa ornatrix have a pair of brushlike glandular structures, the coremata, which they evert from the abdomen during close-range precopulatory interaction with the female. Males experimentally deprived of coremata are less acceptable to females. The principal chemical associated with the coremata, identified as a pyrrolizine (hydroxydanaidal), has a proven pheromonal role: males raised under conditions where they fail to produce hydroxydanaidal are also less likely to… 

Pheromone-mediated sexual selection in the mothUtetheisa ornatrix: Olfactory receptor neurons responsive to a male-produced pheromone

None of the antennal sensilla examined contained receptor neurons sensitive to a PA (monocrotaline) or its N-oxide, and the sensitivity and dynamic range of these receptor neurons were largely unaffected by whether the females were raised on an alkaloid-free diet or on a diet supplemented with Crotalariaseeds.

Dietary alkaloids and the development of androconial organs in Estigmene acrea

The size of the coremata and their commensurate pheromonal charge may have behavioral consequences in the unusual mating system of this species.

Quantitative and qualitative effects of larval diet on male scent secretions ofEstigmene acrea, Phragmatobia foliginosa, andPyrrharctia isabella (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)

In feeding experiments with insects reared in the laboratory, the presence of the dihydropyrrolizines hydroxydanaidal and danaidal in the male scent organs (coremata) of the arctiids indicates that a small amount of pheromone is made from PAs transferred from the female to her eggs and that males effect copulatory transfers of PAs that are, in turn, passed to the eggs by the mated female.

Courtship pheromone production and body size as correlates of larval diet in males of the arctiid moth,Utetheisa ornatrix

Hydroxydanaidal, the corematal courtship pheromone of maleUtetheisa ornatrix, shows pronounced quantitative variation in natural populations of the moth, and could be used to gauge both the alkaloid content and body weight of their suitors.

Corematal function in Utetheisa ornatrix: interpretation in the light of data from field-collected males

Evidence presented here shows that field-collected males, which could be expected to be mostly non-virginal, are of reduced acceptability to females, explaining possibly why they should be held in lesser regard.

Male courtship pheromones as indicators of genetic quality in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix)

Using chemical analyses, it is determined that the HD signal does not change based on mating history, thereby supporting the importance of HD in advertising a male’s genetic quality.

A potential kairomone stimulates pheromone-responsive receptor neurons inUtetheisa ornatrix (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)

The olfactory receptor neurons in basiconic sensilla on the antennae of Utetheisa ornatrix are shown to be responsive to volatile substances in samples of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), indicating the evolution of a signaling system with these properties.

Female pheromonal chorusing in an arctiid moth, Utetheisa ornatrix

An unusual case of communal sexual display in the arctiid moth Utetheisa ornatrix is reported that is designated "female pheromonal chorusing", and it is argued that this biased sex ratio generates intrasexual competition among females, to which they respond by elevating signaling effort such that the likelihood of at least matching their neighbors' signals is increased.

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids quantitatively regulate both scent organ morphogenesis and pheromone biosynthesis in maleCreatonotos moths (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)

It is the absolute amount of PAs ingested which determines the expression of corematal size, structurally different PAs have identical effects and PAs are no essential dietary factors for the general development of the moths.
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