Precision and Dynamics of Positioning by Canada Geese Flying in Formation

@inproceedings{Hainsworth2005PrecisionAD,
  title={Precision and Dynamics of Positioning by Canada Geese Flying in Formation},
  author={F. Reed Hainsworth},
  year={2005}
}
A method is described for reconstructing perspective-distorted film images of geese flying in V formations to allow measurements of wing tip spacing (WTS, the distance between wing tips of adjacent birds perpendicular to the flight path) and depth (the distance along the flight path between birds). Measurements for eight formations are used to test for savings in induced power from wing placement in a vortex field generated by other wings, using the model of Lissaman & Schollenberger (1970) to… CONTINUE READING