Precise Monitoring of Global Temperature Trends from Satellites

  title={Precise Monitoring of Global Temperature Trends from Satellites},
  author={Roy W. Spencer and John R. Christy},
  pages={1558 - 1562}
Passive microwave radiometry from satellites provides more precise atmospheric temperature information than that obtained from the relatively sparse distribution of thermometers over the earth's surface. Accurate global atmospheric temperature estimates are needed for detection of possible greenhouse warming, evaluation of computer models of climate change, and for understanding important factors in the climate system. Analysis of the first 10 years (1979 to 1988) of satellite measurements of… 
Precise climate monitoring using complementary satellite data sets
A strong association between sea surface temperature, lower-tropospheric air temperature and total column water-vapour content over large oceanic regions on both time scales lends observational support to the idea of a constant relative humidity model having a moist adiabatic lapse rate.
Global Warming Trend of Mean Tropospheric Temperature Observed by Satellites
This analysis of the global tropospheric temperature for 1978 to 2002 with the use of passive microwave sounding data from the NOAA series of polar orbiters and the Earth Observing System Aqua satellite shows a trend consistent with the global warming trend derived from surface meteorological stations.
A comparison of “GLOBAL” temperature estimates from satellite and instrumental data, 1979–88
A comparison of surface temperature changes over land and ocean areas with tropospheric air temperatures derived from satellite measurements over the period 1979–88 reveals differences in the
Examination of ‘global atmospheric temperature monitoring with satellite microwave measurements’: 2. Analysis of satellite data
Using Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) channel 2 (Ch. 2, 53.74 GHz) data, Spencer and Christy (1992a) determined that the earth exhibits no temperature trend in the period 1979–90, while other authors
Global warming: Evidence from satellite observations
Observations made in Channel 2 (53.74 GHz) of the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) radiometer, flown on-board sequential, sun-synchronous, polar-orbiting NOAA operational satellites, indicate that the
Satellite on-board temperatures: Proxy measurements of Earth's climate changes?
[1] Changes in Earth's outgoing radiance are expected to affect the thermal equilibrium of spaceborne instruments, and to produce detectable variations of satellite on-board temperatures (OBTs). In
Global temperature monitoring from space
Abstract Global and regional temperature variations in the lower troposphere and lower stratosphere are examined for the period 1979–1992 from Microwave Sounder Unit (MSU) data obtained by the
Monitoring the Climate system from space : progress , pitfalls and possibilities
  • 2013
Passive satellite sensors have Provided unique observations of the earth’s climate system since the dawn of space-based weather observations in 1960. in the following years, such measurements have
Comparison of microwave temperature sounders for atmospheric monitoring
Abstract Passive microwave observations from the Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) on board the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) series of spacecraft have been shown to be useful
Global warming deduced from MSU
Microwave Sounding Unit (MSU) radiometer observations in Channel 2 (53.74 GHz) made from sequential, sun-synchronous, polar-orbiting NOAA operational satellites have been used to derive global


The microwave spectrum of oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere
Space probe techniques open the possibility of radio and microwave spectroscopic investigations of planetary atmospheres through the study of resonant transitions in gaseous constituents.
Historical temperature trends in the United States and the effect of urban population growth
The linear change in temperature between 1920 and 1984 is calculated for 961 stations in the conterminous United States. Annual, winter, and summer maps of these temperature changes reveal pronounced
Atmospheric Oxygen in 1967 to 1970
Observations of atmospheric oxygen in clean air between 50�N and 60�S, mainly over the oceans, yield an almost constant value of 20.946 percent by volume in dry air. Since 1910 changes with time over
Greenhouse Skeptic Out in the Cold: A prominent meteorologist says the greenhouse warming will probably be a bust; experts in and out of the climate community staunchly disagree with this latest iconoclast.
  • R. Kerr
  • Geography, Medicine
  • 1989
People are listening to Richard Lindzen because his latest volley in the greenhouse wars is an extreme and potentially devastating one: he savs that the computer models that predict a large greenhouse effect are probably fatally flawed because they neglect to consider that the atmosphere can take care of itself.
Fractal geometry in the San Andreas Fault System
It has been noted that the spatial distribution of earthquakes and the mode of strain release in the San Andreas fault system is related to the complexity of fault geometry. Because of their rough
Salmnon, Documenting and Explaining Recent Global Mean Temperature Changes (Climatic Research Unit, University
  • ofEast Anglia, Norwich,
  • 1989
provided the MSU data used in this study; R
  • Hood provided data processing and programming support; N. Grody collaborated on portions of this research and provided general advice; F. Wentz provided updated sea surface emissivity estimates; P. Olsen, F. Soltis, and P. Swanson assisted us in obtaining technical data on the MSU; G. Wilson helped
  • 1989
Remote Sensing ofthe Atmosphere and Oceans, A Deepak
  • 1980