Precipitation signatures of ground-based VLF transmitters

  title={Precipitation signatures of ground-based VLF transmitters},
  author={Prajwal Kulkarni and Umran S. Inan and Timothy F. Bell and Jacob Bortnik},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research},
[1] Numerical raytracing with Landau damping is used to calculate >100 keV electron precipitation signatures induced by hypothetical VLF transmitters distributed broadly in geomagnetic latitude and operating at a wide range of frequencies. A one-half second pulse from each source is simulated and attenuation to the base of the magnetosphere for geomagnetic latitudes from 10° to 60° is calculated. Source location affects induced precipitation more strongly than operating frequency or radiated… Expand

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