Precautionary management of deep-sea mining

@article{Halfar2002PrecautionaryMO,
  title={Precautionary management of deep-sea mining},
  author={J. Halfar and R. Fujita},
  journal={Marine Policy},
  year={2002},
  volume={26},
  pages={103-106}
}
Interest in deep-sea mining developed in the early 1970s, with a focus on manganese nodules in international waters. Mining may actually occur first, however, on rich polymetallic sulfide deposits associated with hydrothermal vents within exclusive economic zones. Even though mining for polymetallic sulfides may not take place for several years, precautionary performance standards, environmental regulations, and the establishment of Marine Protected Areas may help guide the marine mining… Expand
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