Precarious manhood.

@article{Vandello2008PrecariousM,
  title={Precarious manhood.},
  author={J. Vandello and J. Bosson and D. Cohen and Rochelle M. Burnaford and Jonathan R. Weaver},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2008},
  volume={95 6},
  pages={
          1325-39
        }
}
The authors report 5 studies that demonstrate that manhood, in contrast to womanhood, is seen as a precarious state requiring continual social proof and validation. Because of this precariousness, they argue that men feel especially threatened by challenges to their masculinity. Certain male-typed behaviors, such as physical aggression, may result from this anxiety. Studies 1-3 document a robust belief in (a) the precarious nature of manhood relative to womanhood and (b) the idea that manhood… Expand
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