Precalving temperament and maternal defensiveness are independent traits but precalving fear may impact calf growth.

@article{Turner2013PrecalvingTA,
  title={Precalving temperament and maternal defensiveness are independent traits but precalving fear may impact calf growth.},
  author={Simon P. Turner and Mhairi C Jack and Alistair Burnett Lawrence},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  year={2013},
  volume={91 9},
  pages={4417-25}
}
Human safety can be compromised by the response of beef cows to handling or when defending their calf. However, little is known about how precalving temperament, postcalving defensiveness, and maternal care are related. The impacts of cow temperament on calf neonatal vigor and ADG are also unknown. Data were collected on 2 farms (Farm 1, n = 143, 1 parity… CONTINUE READING