Preattentive guidance of eye movements during triple conjunction search tasks: the effects of feature discriminability and saccadic amplitude.

Abstract

Eye movements were monitored during the performance of triple conjunction search tasks. Stimuli varied in color, shape, and orientation. Across trials, the target was either present or absent, and displays consisted of 6, 12, or 24 stimuli. Stimulus discriminability was manipulated for the shape dimension, with half of the participants seeing displays of Es and Fs (low-discriminability [LD] condition) and half seeing displays of Cs and Ts (high-discriminability [HD] condition). Participants in both conditions performed two search tasks. In the single-feature (SF) task, the target stimulus shared one feature with each of the distractors, whereas in the two-feature (TF) task, it shared two features with each distractor. An examination of saccadic endpoints revealed that participants were more likely to fixate on distractor stimuli sharing color (SF task) or color and shape (TF task) with the target. This was a robust finding, being observed across participants, saccades of different amplitudes and sequential position, and following short and long latencies to move. The extent to which participants made use of shape information increased with discriminability.

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@article{Williams2001PreattentiveGO, title={Preattentive guidance of eye movements during triple conjunction search tasks: the effects of feature discriminability and saccadic amplitude.}, author={Diane E. Williams and Eyal M. Reingold}, journal={Psychonomic bulletin & review}, year={2001}, volume={8 3}, pages={476-88} }