Pre-operative analgesia in the accident and emergency department.

  title={Pre-operative analgesia in the accident and emergency department.},
  author={Masood Jawaid and Zubia Masood and Tarique Kamal Ayubi},
  journal={Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP},
  volume={19 6},
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the adequacy of pre-operative analgesia and patient's satisfaction at the accident and emergency department, in terms of pain relief. STUDY DESIGN Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY The Accident and Emergency Department (A&E) of Civil Hospital, Karachi, during April and May, 2007. METHODOLOGY Patients presenting with acute abdomen or tauma were included. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to grade severity of pain. Pain at presentation, analgesic… CONTINUE READING
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Oligoanalgesia . The challenge in the emergency department

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