Pre-learning stress differentially affects long-term memory for emotional words, depending on temporal proximity to the learning experience.


Stress exerts a profound, yet complex, influence on learning and memory and can enhance, impair or have no effect on these processes. Here, we have examined how the administration of stress at different times before learning affects long-term (24-hr) memory for neutral and emotional information. Participants submerged their dominant hand into a bath of ice… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2011.01.016


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