Pre-incisional analgesia with intravenous or subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine reduces postoperative pain in patients after open cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

@article{Safavi2011PreincisionalAW,
  title={Pre-incisional analgesia with intravenous or subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine reduces postoperative pain in patients after open cholecystectomy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.},
  author={Mohammad Reza Safavi and Azim Honarmand and Zahra Nematollahy},
  journal={Pain medicine},
  year={2011},
  volume={12 9},
  pages={1418-26}
}
BACKGROUND In literature, there is controversy on the use of ketamine for management of postoperative pain. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of pre-incisional intravenous or subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine on postoperative pain relief after open cholecystectomy. METHODS One hundred twenty patients, aged 18-60 years, scheduled for open cholecystectomy was enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Patients were divided into four groups… CONTINUE READING

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