Pre-HEAT: submillimeter site testing and astronomical spectra from Dome A, Antarctica

  title={Pre-HEAT: submillimeter site testing and astronomical spectra from Dome A, Antarctica},
  author={Craig Alan Kulesa and Christopher K. Walker and Michael Schein and Dathon R. Golish and N. F. H. Tothill and Peter H. Siegel and Sander Weinreb and G. Jones and Joseph C. Bardin and Keren Jacobs and C. L. Martin and John W. V. Storey and Michael C. B. Ashley and Jonathan S. Lawrence and Daniel Luong-Van and Jon R. Everett and L. Wang and L. Feng and Z. Zhu and J. Yan and J. Yang and X-G Zhang and Xiang-qun Cui and X. Q. Yuan and J. Hu and Z. Xu and Z. Jiang and H. Yang and Y. Li and B. N. Sun and Weijia Qin and Zhaohui Shang},
  booktitle={Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation},
Pre-HEAT is a 20 cm aperture submillimeter-wave telescope with a 660 GHz (450 micron) Schottky diode heterodyne receiver and digital FFT spectrometer for the Plateau Observatory (PLATO) developed by the University of New South Wales. In January 2008 it was deployed to Dome A, the summit of the Antarctic plateau, as part of a scientific traverse led by the Polar Research Institute of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dome A may be one of the best sites in the world for ground based… 


In January 2005, members of a Chinese expedition team were the first humans to visit Dome A on the Antarctic plateau, a site predicted to be one of the very best astronomical sites on earth. In 2006,

A Fourier transform spectrometer for site testing at Dome A

Observations in tera-hertz astronomy can only be done at a site with good atmospheric transmission at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. With extremely dry weather and calm atmosphere resulted

The PLATO Dome A site-testing observatory: power generation and control systems.

A detailed description of the power generation, power control, thermal management, instrument interface, and communications systems for PLATO is presented, and an overview of the system performance for 2008 is presented.

Performance of the autonomous PLATO Antarctic Observatory over two full years

For continuous observation at locations that are inhospitable for humans, the desirability of autonomous observatories is self evident. PLATO, the 'PLATeau Observatory' was designed to host an easily

THz Astrophysics from Dome A

The THz spectral region includes a number of important transitions which allow us to trace the evolution of the interstellar medium. Because of the opacity of the atmosphere in this spectral range,

Variable Stars Observed in the Galactic Disk by AST3-1 from Dome A, Antarctica

AST3-1 is the second-generation wide-field optical photometric telescope dedicated to time-domain astronomy at Dome A, Antarctica. Here, we present the results of an i-band images survey from AST3-1

Cloud cover and aurora contamination at dome A in 2017 from KLCAM

Dome A in Antarctica has many characteristics that make it an excellent site for astronomical observations, from the optical to the terahertz. Quantitative site testing is still needed to confirm

CSTAR and future plans for Dome A

  • X. Cui
  • Physics
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2009
Abstract The first set of Chinese Antarctic telescopes at Dome A is called CSTAR. It consists of four 14.5 cm wide-field telescopes and was installed at Dome A during the traverse of 2007/2008. CSTAR

Operation of AST3 telescope and site testing at Dome A, Antarctica

We have successfully operated the AST3 telescope remotely as well as robotically for time-domain sky survey in 2015 and 2016. We have set up a real-time system to support the operation of the

Future prospects for THz spectroscopy

Many of the most astrophysically important transitions of atoms and molecules occur at THz frequencies. These transitions allow us to probe the formation and evolution of stars, planets, galaxies,



Infrared and Submillimeter Atmospheric Characteristics of High Antarctic Plateau Sites

The best ground‐based astronomical sites in terms of telescope sensitivity at infrared and submillimeter wavelengths are located on the Antarctic Plateau, where high atmospheric transparency and low

The Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (ASTE)

ASTE (Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment) is a project to install and operate a 10-m submillimeter telescope in the high altitude site (4,800 m) in Atacama desert, northern Chile. The project

Cornell Caltech Atacama Telescope (CCAT): a 25-m aperture telescope above 5000-m altitude

Cornell, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), and Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) have joined together to study development of a 25 meter sub-millimeter telescope (CCAT) on a high peak in the

Submillimeter atmospheric FTS at the geographic South Pole

A submillimeter Fourier Transform Spectrometer of the Martin-Puplett type was constructed and deployed to the geographical South Pole in 2001. The instrument operates from about 300 GHz to almost 2

Submillimeter Site Testing at Dome C, Antarctica

Abstract We have developed a 350 μm radiometer to perform automated site testing in remote regions of Antarctica. In summer 2000–2001 the instrument operated at Concordia, a new station under

The AASTINO: automated astrophysical site testing international observatory

The AASTINO is a remote observatory that has been deployed at the Italian/French base Dome C (75 S, 123 E, 3200 m) on the Antarctic plateau in January 2003. It is designed to run throughout the

The Milky Way in Molecular Clouds: A New Complete CO Survey

New large-scale CO surveys of the first and second Galactic quadrants and the nearby molecular cloud complexes in Orion and Taurus, obtained with the CfA 1.2 m telescope, have been combined with 31

Detection of the 205 μm [N II] Line from the Carina Nebula

We report the first detection of the 205 μm 3P1 P0 [N II] line from a ground-based observatory using a direct detection spectrometer. The line was detected from the Carina star formation region using

APEX: the Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment

APEX, the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment, has been successfully commissioned and is in operation now. This novel submillimeter telescope is located at 5107 m altitude on Llano de Chajnantor in the

SuperCam: a 64 pixel heterodyne imaging spectrometer

We report on the development of SuperCam, a 64 pixel imaging spectrometer designed for operation in the astrophysically important 870 micron atmospheric window. SuperCam will be used to answer