Prasugrel Versus High Dose Clopidogrel to Overcome Early High on Clopidogrel Platelet Reactivity in Patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
OBJECTIVES The authors sought to compare the effect on inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) of prasugrel therapy versus tirofiban bolus with or without a post-bolus short drug infusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND The degree and rapidity of IPA after prasugrel alone with or without concomitant glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibition in STEMI patients is unknown. METHODS A total of 100 STEMI patients randomly received prasugrel 60 mg versus 25 μg/kg tirofiban bolus with or without post-bolus 2-h infusion of tirofiban, with or without concomitant prasugrel. IPA at light transmission aggregometry was performed throughout 24 h. The primary endpoint was IPA stimulated with 20 μmol/l adenosine diphosphate (ADP) at 30 min. RESULTS At 30 min, patients in the prasugrel group showed a significantly lower IPA to 20 μmol/l ADP stimulation as compared with tirofiban-treated patients (36 ± 35 vs. 87 ± 31, p < 0.0001). Similarly, patients taking prasugrel showed a suboptimal degree of platelet inhibition for at least 2 h compared with tirofiban patients. Post-bolus tirofiban infusion was necessary to maintain a high level of IPA beyond 1 h after bolus administration if concomitant clopidogrel was given, whereas the bolus-only tirofiban and concomitant prasugrel led to the higher and more consistent IPA levels after both ADP and thrombin receptor-activating peptide stimuli than either therapy alone. CONCLUSIONS Our study shows that prasugrel administration leads to a suboptimal IPA for at least 2 h in STEMI patients. Yet, prasugrel, given in association with a bolus only of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, obviates the need of post-bolus infusion and almost completely abolishes residual variability of IPA after treatment. (Facilitation through Aggrastat By drOpping or shortening Infusion Line in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction compared to or on top of PRasugrel given at loading dOse [The FABOLUS PRO trial]; NCT01336348).