Prasugrel but not high dose clopidogrel overcomes the lansoprazole neutralizing effect of P2Y12 inhibition: Results of the randomized DOSAPI study

Abstract

The potential negative metabolic interaction between proton pump inhibitors and clopidogrel is an unsolved issue. We hypothesized that doubling the clopidogrel maintenance dose (150 mg) would be less effective than switching to prasugrel 10 mg maintenance dose (MD) to overcome this negative interaction. In a randomized study with a factorial design, 82 stable coronary artery disease patients treated with 75 mg clopidogrel MD and aspirin were assigned to receive in a double blind fashion lansoprazole (30 mg/day) or placebo and to receive in an open fashion 150 mg clopidogrel MD or 10 mg prasugrel MD. The primary endpoint was the relative change in residual platelet reactivity over the 14-day study period [(RPA14day-RPAbaseline)/RPAbaseline]. The effect of doubling the clopidogrel MD on relative change in RPA was neutralized by lansoprazole (−53.6±48.4 % versus +0.8±53.7 % without and with lansoprazole, respectively, p = 0.02) whereas 10 mg of prasugrel MD dramatically reduced RPA irrespective of lansoprazole co-administration (−81.8 %±24.8 % vs. −72.9 %±32.9 % without and with lansoprazole, respectively, p = NS). Lansoprazole exposure was the only parameter with a significant interaction with RPA among subgroups. The higher platelet inhibitory effect obtained by doubling the clopidogrel MD was totally neutralized by the co-administration of lansoprazole. This drug interaction was not observed with prasugrel 10 mg.

DOI: 10.1007/s00228-014-1710-1

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@article{Collet2014PrasugrelBN, title={Prasugrel but not high dose clopidogrel overcomes the lansoprazole neutralizing effect of P2Y12 inhibition: Results of the randomized DOSAPI study}, author={Jean-Phillipe Collet and Jean-S{\'e}bastien Hulot and J{\'e}r{\'e}mie Abtan and Ghalia Anzaha and Mathieu Kerneis and Johanne Silvain and Guillaume Cayla and Stephen A. O’Connor and Olivier Barth{\'e}l{\'e}my and Farzin Beygui and Sophie Galier and Delphine Brugier and Eric J. Stanek and Scott L. Charland and Vanessa Gallois and Gilles Montalescot}, journal={European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology}, year={2014}, volume={70}, pages={1049-1057} }