Pranked by Audubon: Constantine S. Rafinesque's description of John James Audubon's imaginary Kentucky mammals

@article{Woodman2016PrankedBA,
  title={Pranked by Audubon: Constantine S. Rafinesque's description of John James Audubon's imaginary Kentucky mammals},
  author={Neal Woodman},
  journal={Archives of Natural History},
  year={2016},
  volume={43},
  pages={95-108}
}
  • N. Woodman
  • Published 1 April 2016
  • Biology
  • Archives of Natural History
The North American naturalist Constantine S. Rafinesque spent much of the year 1818 engaged in a solo journey down the Ohio River Valley to explore parts of what was then the western United States. Along the way, he visited a number of fellow naturalists, and he spent more than a week at the Henderson, Kentucky, home of artist and ornithologist John James Audubon. During the succeeding two years, Rafinesque published descriptions of new species that resulted from his expedition, including… 

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References

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Audubon's hoax: Ohio River fishes described by Rafinesque

In 1818 Constantine Samuel Rafinesque made a botanical/zoological expedition to the Ohio River Valley (Call, 1895, 1899). He kept a notebook of his trip and, during that summer, stopped in Henderson,

This shrew is a jumping mouse (Mammalia, Dipodidae): Sorex dichrurus Rafinesque, 1833 is a synonym of Zapus hudsonius (Zimmermann, 1780)

The description of the animal, and its comparison to “Gerbillus,” clearly identify it as a dipodid rodent, specifically Zapus hudsonius (Zimmermann, 1780); S. dichrurus should be treated as a junior subjective synonym of that taxon.

Shippingport, Kentucky, is the type locality for the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque, 1818) (Mammalia: Rodentia: Cricetidae)

It is established that Rafinesque observed this species in July 1818 while visiting Shippingport, Kentucky, which is now within the city limits of Louisville, Jefferson Co., Kentucky, and is therefore the actual type locality for this species.

Darwin's historical sketch - an American predecessor: C.S. Rafinesque.

How Darwin learned of Rafinesque and his views on species is the focus of this essay, which also mentions briefly the two other American naturalists cited by Darwin in his sketch, which seems the likely informant through his correspondence with Darwin or his close associates.

A Journey through the West: Thomas Rodney's 1803 Journal from Delaware to the Mississippi Territory@@@Captain Watson's Travels in America: The Sketchbook and Diary of Joshua Rowley Watson, 1771-1818

In A Journey through the West, Thomas Rodney writes vividly about flea-infested taverns, bad roads, drunken crew members, squatters, Indians, sodden berths, food from the wild, and treacherous

Scientific Books: Revision of the Mice of the American Genus Peromyscus

From letter of transmittal: "The work consists of a systematic study of all the members of the genus, and includes keys for the identification of the various forms, together with the necessary

Revision of the jumping mice of the genus Zapus

Revision of genus Zapus based upon a study of more than 900 specimens, including nomenclature and skull and teeth figures, concludes that Zapus is a monotypic genus.

c Further account of discoveries in natural history , in the western states

  • American monthly magazine and critical review
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The life of C. S. Rafinesque. A man of uncommon zeal

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c Monographie des coquilles bivalves fluviatiles de la rivière Ohio , contenant douze genres et soixante - huit espèces

  • Annales générales des sciences physiques , Bruxelles
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...