Praising Young Children for Being Smart Promotes Cheating

  title={Praising Young Children for Being Smart Promotes Cheating},
  author={L. Zhao and G. Heyman and Lulu Chen and K. Lee},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1868 - 1870}
Praise is one of the most commonly used forms of reward. It is convenient, is nearly effortless, and makes the recipient feel good. However, praising children for being smart carries unintended consequences: It can undermine their achievement motivation in a way that praising their effort or performance does not (Cimpian, Arce, Markman, & Dweck, 2007; Kamins & Dweck, 1999; Mueller & Dweck, 1998; see Dweck, 2007). In this study, we investigated whether the negative consequences of praising… Expand
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