Pragmatism and expediency: Ottoman calculations and the establishment of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic

@article{Taglia2020PragmatismAE,
  title={Pragmatism and expediency: Ottoman calculations and the establishment of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic},
  author={Stefano Taglia},
  journal={Caucasus Survey},
  year={2020},
  volume={8},
  pages={45 - 58}
}
  • Stefano Taglia
  • Published 2 January 2020
  • Political Science
  • Caucasus Survey
ABSTRACT This article interrogates Ottoman sources from the period leading up to and following the creation, in 1918, of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic (TDFR) to shed light on the reasons behind Istanbul’s initial backing for this Caucasian state. Despite the suggestion that Ottoman Unionist policies were informed by pan-Turkist ideals, it emerges that Istanbul considered, first and foremost, the geopolitical interests of the Empire. Whether this entailed using foreign… 

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