Practitioner Review: Current best practice in the use of parent training and other behavioural interventions in the treatment of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

@article{Daley2018PractitionerRC,
  title={Practitioner Review: Current best practice in the use of parent training and other behavioural interventions in the treatment of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder},
  author={David Daley and Saskia van der Oord and Maite Ferr{\'i}n and Samuele Cortese and Marina Danckaerts and Manfred Doepfner and Barbara J. van den Hoofdakker and David R. Coghill and Margaret J. J. Thompson and Philip Asherson and Tobias Banaschewski and Daniel Brandeis and Jan K. Buitelaar and Ralf W. Dittmann and Chris Hollis and Martin Holtmann and Eric Konofal and Michel Lecendreux and Aribert Rothenberger and Paramala Santosh and Emily Simonoff and Cesar Soutullo and Hans Christoph Steinhausen and Argyris K. Stringaris and Eric Taylor and Ian C. K. Wong and Alessandro Zuddas and Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke},
  journal={Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry},
  year={2018},
  volume={59},
  pages={932–947}
}
BACKGROUND Behavioural interventions are recommended for use with children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, specific guidance for their implementation based on the best available evidence is currently lacking. METHODS This review used an explicit question and answer format to address issues of clinical concern, based on expert interpretation of the evidence with precedence given to meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. RESULTS On the… 
Which factors determine clinicians’ policy and attitudes towards medication and parent training for children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
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To achieve better implementation of evidence-based care for children with ADHD, guidelines should be communicated better towards clinicians and researchers and policy-makers should further focus on barriers that prevent implementation of parent training.
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Meta-analysis: Which Components of Parent Training Work for Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
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The results suggested that the manipulation of antecedents of behavior and reinforcement techniques are key components of parent training for children with ADHD in relation to parental outcomes, and may help to strengthen and tailor parent training interventions forChildren with ADHD.
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The findings of this study are expected to provide valuable knowledge about how to optimise family education and management of ADHD and will be disseminated through presentations at conferences and publication in peer-reviewed journals.
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TLDR
Well Parent Japan reduced mothers’ parenting stress and increased their efficacy, and program completion also resulted in improvements in observed and reported parenting practices.
How to Improve Behavioral Parent and Teacher Training for Children with ADHD: Integrating Empirical Research on Learning and Motivation into Treatment
TLDR
This practitioner review proposes steps that can be taken to improve BPT outcomes for ADHD, based on purported causal processes underlying ADHD, and focuses on altered motivational processes (reward and punishment sensitivity), as they closely link to the instrumental processes used in BPT.
Practitioner Review: Assessment and treatment of preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
  • J. Halperin, D. Marks
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2019
TLDR
Acute treatments have demonstrable efficacy, but do not appear to fundamentally alter underlying mechanisms or long-term trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in preschool children.
Psychosocial Interventions for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Systematic Review with Evidence and Gap Maps.
TLDR
There is a considerable variability within this literature regarding combinations of treatments across outcome assessment targets, and more primary studies assessing direct comparisons of isolated and combined treatment effects of specific types of psychosocial treatments relative to control and other treatments are needed.
An Individual Participant Data Meta-analysis: Behavioral Treatments for Children and Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.
TLDR
Behavioral treatments are effective for reducing ADHD symptoms, behavioral problems, and impairment as reported by raters most proximal to treatment.
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