Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway

@article{Apfelbaum2013PracticeGF,
  title={Practice Guidelines for Management of the Difficult Airway: An Updated Report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Management of the Difficult Airway},
  author={J. Apfelbaum and C. Hagberg and R. Caplan and C. Blitt and Richard T. Connis and D. Nickinovich and J. Benumof and F. Berry and R. Bode and F. Cheney and O. F. Guidry and A. Ovassapian},
  journal={Anesthesiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={118},
  pages={251–270}
}
RACTICE Guidelines are systematically developed recommendations that assist the practitioner and patient in making decisions about health care. These recommendations may be adopted, modified, or rejected according to clinical needs and constraints and are not intended to replace local institutional policies. In addition, Practice Guidelines developed by the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) are not intended as standards or absolute requirements, and their use cannot guarantee any… Expand

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Demographic features and eight diagnostic variables were evaluated for difficult laryngoscopy (DL) predictivity. These were retrognathia, presence of buck teeth, modified Mallampati… Expand
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It is believed that the amount of information patients want before giving consent depends greatly on what happens to them subsequently, and if and when a rare complication occurs, this may change, especially in the light of a medical negligence claim and possible compensation. Expand
Pre-anesthetic evaluation can play a crucial role in the determination of airway management in a child with oropharyngeal tumor
TLDR
The importance of referring to an airway management algorithm when encountering a difficult airway is discussed, including semi-awake induction to secure the airway in an 11-year-old child with a huge hemangioma. Expand
The airway: problems and predictions in 18,500 patients
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It is concluded that difficult tracheal intubations occurred infrequently but were associated with increased morbidity and dental damage on induction of anaesthesia. Expand
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Results of this study suggest that using the ILMA provides an additional technique for airway management of morbidly obese patients. Expand
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The Augustine Guide is a safe and effective tool for blind orotracheal intubation and is described as easy if they were successful in the first attempt and difficult when more than one attempt to position the AG was necessary. Expand
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TLDR
No advantage of the UpsherScope over direct laryngoscopy during routine and difficult airway management is found, and time needed, number of attempts required to perform intubation, and incidence of failure were significantly longer and higher in group US. Expand
Criteria for estimating likelihood of difficulty of endotracheal intubation with the Macintosh laryngoscope.
TLDR
The variables which together are most reliable in predicting likely difficulty in intubation are reduced atlanto-occipital extension, reduced mandibular space, and lastly, increased antero-posterior thickness of the tongue. Expand
Life-threatening airway obstruction as a complication to the management of mediastinal masses in children.
TLDR
Nonresectable malignant neoplasms including lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, rhabdomyosarcoma, and neuroblastoma were the eventual diagnoses in 10 of these patients, and general anesthesia was deferred until the compromised airway was alleviated by radiation and chemotherapy. Expand
A new device for blind oral intubation in routine and difficult airway management.
TLDR
The Augustine Guide proved to be helpful to intubating patients with an anterior larynx and receding mandible, however, blind oral intubation attempts required a median duration of 65 s (range 35-90 s). Expand
Managing the difficult airway in patients with burns of the head and neck.
A five-phase defined protocol for airway security was developed and administered to a consecutive, selected series of surgical patients with burns to the head and neck that limited their mouthExpand
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