Practical guidelines in the use of symptom validity and other psychological tests to measure malingering and symptom exaggeration in traumatic brain injury cases

  title={Practical guidelines in the use of symptom validity and other psychological tests to measure malingering and symptom exaggeration in traumatic brain injury cases},
  author={Lewis M. Etcoff and Karen M. Kampfer},
  journal={Neuropsychology Review},
The detection of malingering or symptom exaggeration has become an essential component in forensic neuropsychological evaluations, particularly in cases involving personal injury claims. Symptom Validity Tests refer to those measures that can be utilized to detect test performance that is so poor that it is below the level of probability, oftentimes even among brain-damaged populations. This article outlines legal standards for expert testimony in regard to forensic neuropsychological personal… 
Symptom Validity Test Research: Status and Clinical Implications
This paper explores the extent of the knowledge base pertaining to symptom validity tests (SVTs), including empirical research studies, meta-analyses, position papers, and a consensus conference
Qualitative scoring procedures for the detection of malingering using the Wechsler Memory Scale - Third Edition
Qualitative Scoring Procedures for the Detection of Malingering Using the Wechsler Memory ScaleThird Edition by Joshua E. Caron, B.A. Dr. Daniel A llen, Examination Committee Chair Professor o f
The validity of the test of memory malingering (TOMM) with deaf individuals
These results support the use of the same standard cut-off scores established for hearing individuals in culturally Deaf individuals who use ASL, and nonverbal intelligence for this sample was within the average range of ability.
Detection of malingered mental retardation.
Of the 11 feigning measures administered, only the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) retention trial had a specificity rate >.90, which raises concerns about the specificity rates at recommended cutting scores of commonly used feigning tests in defendants with MR.
Behavioral measures of impulsivity and the law.
The General Theory of Crime proposes that crime is explained by the combination of situational opportunity and lack of self-control. Impulsivity is one of the important components of self-control.
The Portland Digit Recognition Test: A review of validation data and clinical use
Abstract The Portland Digit Recognition Test (PDRT) is a valid measure of motivation to perform poorly on memory tests that is useful in forensic evaluations. Validation data and clinical use are
Motivation and Neuropsychological Test Performance Following Mild Head Injury
The authors' measures of tactile sensation and verbal recognition memory were more affected by motivation than by the severity of head injury, which meant that mild head injury poorly motivated individuals and moderate-severe head injury patients were indistinguishable on many tests.
University of Kentucky UKnowledge University of Kentucky Master ' s Theses Graduate School 2006 DETECTION OF MALINGERED MENTAL RETARDATION
OF THESIS DETECTION OF MALINGERED MENTAL RETARDATION The 2002 Supreme Court decision (Atkins vs. Virginia, 536 U. S. 304), prohibiting the execution of mentally retarded persons, may potentially
On the Interpretation of Below-Chance Responding in Forced-Choice Tests
Proper methods of evaluating total correct responses on a forced-choice test are described to make stronger judgments about the cooperation of test-takers when the test score is lower than the range of scores expected for guessing.
Assessment of Suboptimal Effort Using the CVLT-II Recognition Foils: A Known-Groups Comparison
The present study sought to generate an embedded effort index within the CVLTII yes/no recognition trial using a known-groups design. Four types of recognition foils—i.e., novel/semantically


Neuropsychological assessment and malingering: a critical review of past and present strategies.
  • K. NiesJ. Sweet
  • Psychology
    Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
  • 1994
The present literature review describes the historical and current methods of detecting malingerers, along with the empirical evidence supporting, or condemning, their use, and indicates that a multidimensional, multimethod approach is needed.
Malingering and other validity considerations in the neuropsychological evaluation of mild head injury.
Eight malingerers (MPs) were identified via significantly below-chance symptom validity testing (SVT) within a sample of 106 consecutive admissions for neuropsychological evaluation. The resulting
Forensic neuropsychological test usage: An empirical survey
Abstract The frequency with which various psychological tests are administered in forensic evaluations was assessed. Data was gathered from reports of adult personal injury evaluations by 100
MMPI-2 validity scales versus domain specific measures in detection of factitious traumatic brain injury
Abstract A known group methodology was used to compare the predictive accuracies of MMPI-2 validity scales and malingered amnesia measures in the detection of real versus feigned traumatic
Some caveats in using the Rey 15-Item Memory Test to detect malingered amnesia.
A procedure devised to detect malingered amnesia has received increasing attention as a useful clinical method to identify exaggerated claims of memory impairment. However, none of the published
Post-Concussive symptoms: Base rates and etiology in psychiatric patients
Many, but not all of the PCS symptoms were as common among the BUMP and LITS groups as the LOC group, and there are suggestions that somePCS symptoms are related to head trauma while others reflect situational variables or general psychological distress.
Performance of psychiatric inpatients and intellectually deficient individuals on a task that assesses the validity of memory complaints.
A brief psychological screening test was administered to samples of acutely disturbed psychiatric patients and intellectually deficient individuals and suggested that malingering should be considered among individuals who deny remembering at least 9 of the 15 times of the Rey test.
Forensic neuropsychology: The art of practicing a science that does not yet exist
  • D. Faust
  • Psychology
    Neuropsychology Review
  • 2005
Examples of problems and limits in forensic neuropsychology are described and the lack of relation between judgmental accuracy and education, experience, or credentials is addressed.
Rey's 15-item visual memory test for the detection of malingering : normative observations on patients with neurological disorders
To gather normative observations on patients with genuine memmory disorders, Rey's 3×5 was administered to 56 OPs who has been referred for neuropsychological evaluation.
Identification of Malingered Head Injury on the Wechsler Memory Scale—Revised.
Thirty-nine head-injured outpatients were compared with 39 age-matched subjects who were instructed to malinger head trauma symptoms on the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R) and Wechsler Adult