Corpus ID: 24308009

Powers and Problems of Integrating Social Media Data with Public Health and Safety

  title={Powers and Problems of Integrating Social Media Data with Public Health and Safety},
  author={Cody L. Buntain and Jennifer Golbeck and Gary LaFree},
Social media sites like Twitter provide readily accessible sources of large-volume, high-velocity data streams, now referred to as “Big Data.” While private companies have already made great strides in leveraging these social media sources, many public organizations and government agencies could reap significant benefits from these resources. Care must be exercised in this integration, however, as huge data sets come with their own intrinsic issues. This paper explores these advantages and… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Comparing Social Media and Traditional Surveys around the Boston Marathon Bombing
Compared analyses and results from a panel survey, a survey embedded within an experiment, and social media data surrounding the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombing suggest social media provides better insight into behavior more rapidly and cheaper than surveys, but surveys can provide higher quality, targeted, and more relevant data. Expand
The Impact of the Boston Marathon Bombings on Public Willingness to Cooperate with Police
While a key to law enforcement success is the willingness of the public to cooperate with police, we have limited understanding of how terrorist attacks affect this public readiness. Prior researchExpand


Information Contagion: An Empirical Study of the Spread of News on Digg and Twitter Social Networks
It is shown that social networks play a crucial role in the spread of information on these sites, and that network structure affects dynamics of information flow. Expand
Tracking the flu pandemic by monitoring the social web
A monitoring tool to measure the prevalence of disease in a population by analysing the contents of social networking tools, such as Twitter, and turning statistical information into a flu-score, which can be used at close time intervals to provide inexpensive and timely information about the state of an epidemic. Expand
What to Expect When the Unexpected Happens: Social Media Communications Across Crises
This paper investigates several crises-including natural hazards and human-induced disasters-in a systematic manner and with a consistent methodology, leading to insights about the prevalence of different information types and sources across a variety of crisis situations. Expand
Geotagging one hundred million Twitter accounts with total variation minimization
This work provides a method which can geolocate the overwhelming majority of active Twitter users, independent of their location sharing preferences, using only publicly-visible Twitter data and frames the geotagging problem as an optimization over a social network with a total variation-based objective and provides a scalable and distributed algorithm for its solution. Expand
The Twitter of Babel: Mapping World Languages through Microblogging Platforms
It is shown that available data allow for the study of language geography at scales ranging from country-level aggregation to specific city neighborhoods, and highlights the potential of geolocalized studies of open data sources to improve current analysis and develop indicators for major social phenomena in specific communities. Expand
The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network
This work examines an online communication network reconstructed from over 600,000 tweets from a thirty-six week period covering the birth and maturation of the American anticapitalist movement, Occupy Wall Street and proposes that these features reflect the movement’s efforts to mobilize resources at the local level and to develop narrative frames that reinforce collective purpose at the national level. Expand
#Earthquake: Twitter as a Distributed Sensor System
The experiments support the notion that people act as sensors to give us comparable results in a timely manner, and can complement other sources of data to enhance the authors' situational awareness and improve their understanding and response to such events. Expand
CrisisTracker: Crowdsourced social media curation for disaster awareness
CrisisTracker is presented, an online system that in real time efficiently captures distributed situation awareness reports based on social media activity during large-scale events, such as natural disasters, and integrates crowdsourcing techniques, enabling users to verify and analyze stories. Expand
Twitter as a Sentinel in Emergency Situations: Lessons from the Boston Marathon Explosions
The social media messages posted immediately after and around the Boston Marathon bombings are examined, and it is found that specific keywords appear frequently prior to official public safety and news media reports. Expand
Twitter explodes with activity in mumbai blasts! a lifeline or an unmonitored daemon in the lurking?
Online social media has become an integral part of every Internet users’ life. It has given common people a platform and forum to share information, post their opinions and promote campaigns. TheExpand