Power to the People? Opportunities and Challenges for Participatory AI

  title={Power to the People? Opportunities and Challenges for Participatory AI},
  author={Abeba Birhane and William S. Isaac and Vinodkumar Prabhakaran and Mark D'iaz and Madeleine Clare Elish and Iason Gabriel and Shakir Mohamed},
  journal={Equity and Access in Algorithms, Mechanisms, and Optimization},
Participatory approaches to artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are gaining momentum: the increased attention comes partly with the view that participation opens the gateway to an inclusive, equitable, robust, responsible and trustworthy AI. Among other benefits, participatory approaches are essential to understanding and adequately representing the needs, desires and perspectives of historically marginalized communities. However, there currently exists lack of clarity on… 

Inclusive Artificial Intelligence

Prevailing methods for assessing and comparing generative AI s incen-tivize responses that serve a hypothetical representative individual. Eval-uating models in these terms presumes homogeneous

Manifestations of Xenophobia in AI Systems

This work ground the impact of xenophobia by first identifying distinct types of xenophobic harms, and then applying this framework across a number of prominent AI application domains, reviewing the potential interplay between AI and xenophobia on social media and recommendation systems.

BigScience: A Case Study in the Social Construction of a Multilingual Large Language Model

It is shown how the impact of such a social approach to scientific research goes well beyond the technical artifacts that were the basis of its inception.

Expansive Participatory AI: Supporting Dreaming within Inequitable Institutions

This work proposes co-design principals for AI that address institutional power dynamics focusing on Participatory AI with youth to contribute to the process of democratizing the design of technology.

Data sovereignty in genomics and medical research

  • Medicine
    Nature Machine Intelligence
  • 2022
AI promises to bring many benefits to healthcare and research, but mistrust has built up owing to many instances of harm to under-represented communities. To amend this, participatory approaches can

Participation Interfaces for Human-Centered AI

This paper introduces interactive visual “participation interfaces” for Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) and collaborative ranking problems as examples restoring a human-centered locus of control.

Improving alignment of dialogue agents via targeted human judgements

This research presents a state-of-the-art knowledge graph depicting the architecture of the connective tissue of the autonomic nervous system and some of the mechanisms responsible for seizure and depression are described.



Participatory Research for Low-resourced Machine Translation: A Case Study in African Languages

The feasibility and scalability of participatory research is demonstrated with a case study on MT for African languages, which leads to a collection of novel translation datasets, MT benchmarks for over 30 languages, with human evaluations for a third of them, and enables participants without formal training to make a unique scientific contribution.

A Ladder of Citizen Participation

  • S. Arnstein
  • Sociology
    Journal of the American Planning Association
  • 2019
Abstract The heated controversy over “citizen participation,” “citizen control,” and “maximum feasible involvement of the poor,” has been waged largely in terms of exacerbated rhetoric and misleading

The Participant: A Century of Participation in Four Stories

Indigenous Data Sovereignty

Remaking participation : science, environment and emergent publics

Changing relations between science and democracy – and controversies over issues such as climate change, energy transitions, genetically modified organisms and smart technologies – have led to a

Co-design and ethical artificial intelligence for health: An agenda for critical research and practice

It is suggested that AI/ML technologies have amplified and modified existing challenges related to patient and public involvement, and created entirely new challenges.

Participatory AI for humanitarian innovation