Power and Visibility: Development and the Invention and Management of the Third World

  title={Power and Visibility: Development and the Invention and Management of the Third World},
  author={Arturo Andr{\'e}s Hern{\'a}ndez Escobar},
  journal={Cultural Anthropology},
  • A. Escobar
  • Published 1988
  • Sociology
  • Cultural Anthropology
This article presents in a succinct manner the basic argument and the major results and lines of analysis of a doctoral dissertation on the constitution of a number of nations (much of Asia, Africa, and Latin America) as "Third World" or "underdeveloped," and their treatment as such thereafter (Escobar 1987). The study builds upon recent work in various fields on the dynamics of discourse and power in the representation of social reality, and examines (1) the conformation of a new mode of… Expand
Treatises of Development: The Context of Developmentalism in Bangladesh
This article analyzes the structure of the development discourse that has become prominent since the end of World War II. An understanding of this structure is vital to developing an appreciation ofExpand
Reflections on ‘development’: Grassroots approaches and alternative politics in the Third World
Abstract This article analyses a radical critique of the discourse of ‘development’ as a hegemonic form of representation of the Third World that has been advanced recently by a number of Third WorldExpand
An Inquiry into the Roots of the Modern Concept of Development
Development policy rests on the conceptual division of the world between developed and underdeveloped countries. Th e article argues that this dichotomous way of splitting the world into oneExpand
The professionalization and institutionalization of ‘development’ in Colombia in the early post-world war II period
Abstract This paper examines the introduction of empirical social sciences in Latin America in the early post-World War II period. During this period, a discourse about the ‘underdevelopment’ of muchExpand
The discursive tactics of neoliberal development in small Third World countries
Abstract This paper draws from the regulation approach and from discourse analysis to contextualize and evaluate current trends in the industrial development policies of small Third World countries.Expand
The G20 development consensus: an African perspective
In critical theoretical paradigms, serious commitment to the concept of development as a tool for social change epitomises or intimates an alternative to the dominant ideologies and paradigms bornExpand
Developmentalism and the postwar development project a Foucaultian approach to social change and the operation of power through development
This thesis undertakes two principal tasks in relation to postwar efforts to develop the Third World. The first of these is to explore Itdevelopmentalism" as a historically and culturally contingentExpand
United by Strength or Oppression? A Critique of the Western Model of Feminism
This paper makes visible the hegemonic dimension of the white, middle class and Western (henceforth ‘WMW’) model of feminism and its relationship of complicity and convergence with theExpand
Global flows of government practices: development technologies and their effects
This article discusses certain technologies with which government practices are diffused on a global scale and some of the effects of this process. Using Foucault as a main source of inspiration, theExpand
The Pearson Commission, Aid Diplomacy and the Rise of the World Bank, 1966-1970
This thesis uses a focus on the Pearson Commission to explore some of the policy and institutional dynamics of international development aid during the later 1960s and early 1970s. It sets theseExpand


The Three Worlds: Culture and World Development
A major, eclectic work of extraordinary scope and unprecedented vision, "The Three Worlds" is much more than a study of the contemporary Third World. It examines the constituents of developmentExpand
Alternative Development as Political Practice
The idea of development that informed much of the thinking and analyses in the social sciences of the 1960s and early 1970s is on its way out. The view that development is a linear, universal processExpand
Cultural Frames for Social Transformation: A Credo
Amilcar Cabral, the African freedom fighter, spoke of the ‘permanent, organized repression of the cultural life of the people’ as the very core of colonialism. ‘To take up arms to dominate a peopleExpand
The Global Promise of Social Movements: Explorations at the Edge of Time
A focus on social movements with restructuring agendas itself incorporates a political judgment on how drastic global reform can best be achieved at this stage of history. Implicit in this judgmentExpand
The Natural History of Development Theory
Modernization theory is essentially an academic, and pseudoscientific, transfer of the dominant, and ideologically significant, paradigm employed in research on the American political system. TheExpand
The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto
This third edition of The Stages of Economic Growth, first published in 1991, has a new preface and appendix, Professor Rostow extends his analysis to include economic and political developments asExpand
The Politics of Development Policy Labelling
Labelling a feature of all social communication is an aspect of public policy (utterance and practice) an element in the structure of political discourse. Contributors to this volume have become moreExpand
Body of Power, Spirit of Resistance: The Culture and History of a South African People
In this sophisticated study of power and resistance, Jean Comaroff analyzes the changing predicament of the Barolong boo Ratshidi, a people on the margins of the South African state. Like others onExpand
Discourse and Power in Development: Michel Foucault and the Relevance of His Work to the Third World*
There is a sense in which rapid economic progress is impossible without painfut adiustments. Ancient philosophies have ta be scrapped; old social institutions have fo disintegrate; bonds of casre,Expand
Regenerating People's Space
“Mexicans,” mostly peasants, numbered in the millions at the beginning of the 16th century. While scholars cannot agree on the exact number, estimates varying between seven and 25 million, one thingExpand