Power Posing

@article{Carney2010PowerP,
  title={Power Posing},
  author={Dana Rose Carney and Amy J. C. Cuddy and Andy J. Yap},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={21},
  pages={1363 - 1368}
}
Humans and other animals express power through open, expansive postures, and they express powerlessness through closed, contractive postures. But can these postures actually cause power? The results of this study confirmed our prediction that posing in high-power nonverbal displays (as opposed to low-power nonverbal displays) would cause neuroendocrine and behavioral changes for both male and female participants: High-power posers experienced elevations in testosterone, decreases in cortisol… 

Figures from this paper

Embodying Power
Adopting expansive (vs. contractive) body postures may influence psychological states associated with power. The current experiment sought to replicate and extend research on the power pose effect by
To Strike a Pose: No Stereotype Backlash for Power Posing Women
TLDR
It is suggested that non-verbal displays of power do influence fundamental dimensions of social perception and their accompanying emotional reactions but result in comparably positive and negative evaluations for both genders.
Do expansive or contractive body postures affect feelings of self-worth? High power poses impact state self-esteem
The aim of the present studies was to investigate how high and low power posing influence self-esteem. High power posing is understood as the nonverbal expression of power through open, expansive
Size or Openness: Expansive but Closed Body Posture Increases Submissive Behavior
Expansive body posture is the most commonly studied and widely described in psychological literature. For many years, expansive posture was universally identified as a pose of power, but more recent
Posture and Social Problem Solving, Self-Esteem, and Optimism
When feeling powerful humans and other animals display expansive postures, but can posing in expansive and powerful postures also generate empowerment? Researchers have studied the “power posing
The Face of Power
Objective: In humans and other animals, open, expansive postures (compared to contracted postures) are evolutionary developed expressions of power and have been shown to cause neuroendocrine and
Power Poses Affect Risk Tolerance and Skin Conductance Levels
TLDR
The results show that assuming high-power poses favors risk tolerant behaviors and rises feelings of powerfulness, but this is not true in the case of low-power postures, which engender a sense of stress, sustained by a significant increase of skin conductance levels.
Real and imagined power poses: is the physical experience necessary after all?
ABSTRACTPrevious research investigated the effects of power poses at the behavioral, subjective, and neuroendocrine level. However, it is not clear whether the same effects would be obtained also by
Implicit Reactions to Women in High Power Body Postures: Less Wonderful But Still Weaker
People rapidly form impressions of others based on their gender. Women tend to be liked more than men but men tend to be regarded as more powerful. However, a person’s nonverbal behavior has the
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Power, Dominance, and Nonverbal Behavior
The study of nonverbal behavior has substantially grown in importance in social psychology during the past twenty years. In addition, other disciplines are increas ingly bringing their unique
Physical posture: Could it have regulatory or feedback effects on motivation and emotion?
Four studies were conducted in a laboratory setting to examine whether variations in physical posture can have a regulatory or feedback role affecting motivation and emotion. The results of the first
Proprioceptive Determinants of Emotional and Nonemotional Feelings
This article reports 2 experiments that test whether both emotional and nonemotional feelings may be influenced by uninterpreted proprioceptive input. The logic of the procedure was adopted from
Nonverbal behavior and the vertical dimension of social relations: a meta-analysis.
The vertical dimension of interpersonal relations (relating to dominance, power, and status) was examined in association with nonverbal behaviors that included facial behavior, gaze, interpersonal
Beliefs about the nonverbal expression of social power
In two vignette studies we examined beliefs about the nonverbal behavior and communication skills associated with high and low social power. Power was defined as both a trait (personality dominance)
From power to action.
TLDR
Three experiments investigated the hypothesis that power increases an action orientation in the power holder, even in contexts where power is not directly experienced, suggesting that the experience of power leads to the performance of goal-directed behavior.
Power, optimism, and risk‐taking
Five studies investigated the hypotheses that the sense of power increases optimism in perceiving risks and leads to more risky behavior. In Studies 1 and 2, individuals with a higher generalized
Power, Testosterone, and Risk-Taking
Power has been found to increase risk-taking (Anderson & Galinsky, 2006) but this effect appears to be moderated by individual differences in power motivation (Maner, Gailliot, Butz, & Peruche,
Power, approach, and inhibition.
TLDR
Predictors from recent theorizing about approach and inhibition are derived and the potential moderators and consequences of these power-related behavioral patterns are discussed.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...