Poverty in America: New Directions and Debates

  title={Poverty in America: New Directions and Debates},
  author={Matthew Desmond and Bruce Western},
  journal={Annual Review of Sociology},
Reviewing recent research on poverty in the United States, we derive a conceptual framework with three main characteristics. First, poverty is multidimensional, compounding material hardship with human frailty, generational trauma, family and neighborhood violence, and broken institutions. Second, poverty is relational, produced through connections between the truly advantaged and the truly disadvantaged. Third, a component of this conceptual framework is transparently normative, applying… 
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