Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence

@article{Djankov2010PovertyAC,
  title={Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence},
  author={Simeon Djankov and Marta ReynalQuerol},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2010},
  volume={92},
  pages={1035-1041}
}
Previous research has interpreted the correlation between per capita income and civil war as evidence that poverty is a main determinant of conflict. In this paper, we find that the relationship between poverty and civil war is spurious and is accounted for by historical phenomena that jointly determine income evolution and conflict. In particular, the statistical association between poverty and civil wars disappears once we include country fixed effects. Also, using crosssection data for 1960… Expand
Country Fixed Effects and Unit Roots: A Comment on Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence
Djankov and Reynal Querol (2010, RESTAT) show that the level of GDP per capita has no significant effects on the risk of civil war once country fixed effects are accounted for. Therefore, they argueExpand
Income and Armed Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach
Abstract The large empirical conflict literature has established that there is a strong negative link between economic variables and the onset of an armed civil conflict. However, it has beenExpand
Population Size, Per Capita Income, and the Risk of Civil War: Regional Heterogeneity in the Structural Relationship Matters
A common finding in the empirical civil war literature is that population size and per capita income are highly significant predictors of civil war incidence and onset. This paper shows that theExpand
Ethnicity and the Spread of Civil War
Civil wars critically hinder a country's development process. This paper shows that civil wars can also have severe international consequences. Anecdotal evidence highlights that civil wars sometimesExpand
Does poverty cause conflict? Isolating the causal origins of the conflict trap
Does poverty cause civil conflict? A considerable literature seeks to answer this question, yet concerns about reverse causality threaten the validity of extant conclusions. To estimate the impact ofExpand
The Indivisible Hand of Peace? Consumption Opportunities and Civil War
ABSTRACT GDP is one of the most robust indicators of civil war onset. As debate continues over the mechanisms underlying the relationship between economic development and civil war, this paperExpand
The Impact of Armed Conflict on Economic Performance
Important gaps remain in the understanding of the economic consequences of civil war. Focusing on the conflict in Rwanda in the early 1990s, and using micro data, this article finds that householdsExpand
Estimating the effect of transitory economic shocks on civil conflict
Economists and political scientists have argued that differences in the risk of civil conflict across countries and over time may partly reflect differences in the opportunity cost of participatingExpand
Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: Evidence from the Constraints of the Open-Economy Trilemma
We exploit the open-economy trilemma to identify externally-driven components of short-run income shocks over 105 countries from 1973-2004 and explore the statistical nature of the income-civilExpand
Conflict and Development
In this review, we examine the links between economic development and social conflict. By economic development, we refer broadly to aggregate changes in per capita income and wealth or in theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Growth, Democracy, and Civil War
Are civil wars partly caused by low economic growth? And do democratic institutions attenuate the impact of low growth on the likelihood of civil war? Our approach to answering these questionsExpand
Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms.Expand
Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach
Estimating the impact of economic conditions on the likelihood of civil conflict is difficult because of endogeneity and omitted variable bias. We use rainfall variation as an instrumental variableExpand
Income and Democracy?
Existing studies establish a strong cross-country correlation between income and democracy but do not control for factors that simultaneously affect both variables. We show that controlling for suchExpand
Reevaluating the Modernization Hypothesis
This paper revisits and critically re-evaluates the widely-accepted modernization hypothesis which claims that per capita income causes the creation and the consolidation of democracy. We argue thatExpand
Greed and Grievance in Civil War
We investigate the causes of civil war, using a new data set of wars during 1960-99. We test a `greed’ theory focusing on the ability to finance rebellion, against a`grievance’ theory focusing onExpand
Education, Poverty and Terrorism: Is There a Causal Connection?
The paper investigates whether there is a connection between poverty or low education and terrorism. We review evidence on hate crimes, which are closely related to terrorism; the occurrence of hateExpand
Ethnic Polarization, Potential Conflict, and Civil Wars
This paper analyzes the relationship between ethnic fractionalization, polarization, and conflict. In recent years many authors have found empirical evidence that ethnic fractionalization has aExpand
The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation
We exploit differences in the mortality rates faced by European colonialists to estimate the effect of institutions on economic performance. Our argument is that Europeans adopted very differentExpand
Ethnicity, Political Systems, and Civil Wars
The effect of ethnic division on civil war and the role of political systems in preventing these conflicts are analyzed, using the importance of religious polarization and animist diversity toExpand
...
1
2
3
...