Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence

  title={Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence},
  author={Simeon Djankov and Marta ReynalQuerol},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
Previous research has interpreted the correlation between per capita income and civil war as evidence that poverty is a main determinant of conflict. In this paper, we find that the relationship between poverty and civil war is spurious and is accounted for by historical phenomena that jointly determine income evolution and conflict. In particular, the statistical association between poverty and civil wars disappears once we include country fixed effects. Also, using crosssection data for 1960… 
Country Fixed Effects and Unit Roots: A Comment on Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence
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'Small and Singer have made a valuable collection of data even more valuable by opening up more possibilities for systematic research on conflict.' -- The Annals, Vol 475, Sept 1984 'At first glance