Poverty, Living Conditions, and Infrastructure Access: A Comparison of Slums in Dakar, Johannesburg, and Nairobi

  title={Poverty, Living Conditions, and Infrastructure Access: A Comparison of Slums in Dakar, Johannesburg, and Nairobi},
  author={Sumila Gulyani and Debabrata Talukdar and Darby W Jack},
  journal={Microeconomics: Welfare Economics \& Collective Decision-Making eJournal},
In this paper the authors compare indicators of development, infrastructure, and living conditions in the slums of Dakar, Nairobi, and Johannesburg using data from 2004 World Bank surveys. Contrary to the notion that most African cities face similar slum problems, find that slums in the three cities differ dramatically from each other on nearly every indicator examined. Particularly striking is the weak correlation of measures of income and human capital with infrastructure access and quality… Expand
A tale of two cities: A multi-dimensional portrait of poverty and living conditions in the slums of Dakar and Nairobi
Abstract Our understanding of settlement conditions and the nature of poverty across urban slums is limited. Using three simple frameworks, we create a meso-level portrait of poverty and livingExpand
The study of slums as social and physical constructs: challenges and emerging research opportunities
Abstract Over 1 billion people currently live in slums, with the number of slum dwellers only expected to grow in the coming decades. The vast majority of slums are located in and around urbanExpand
Understanding Living Conditions and Deprivation in Informal Settlements of Kisumu, Kenya
Informal settlements are a common occurrence in developing countries. Each settlement, however, has unique living conditions which require improvement efforts that are specifically tailored to theExpand
The Living Conditions Diamond: An Analytical and Theoretical Framework for Understanding Slums
What constitutes a ‘slum’ is much debated in the urban poverty and affordable housing literature. We argue that a focus on living conditions can help clarify this and present a framework, the livingExpand
Why is basic service access worse in slums? A synthesis of obstacles
ABSTRACT Many residents of urban areas face joint obstacles to basic service access, but these barriers are more prevalent and severe in slum settlements. Analyses of obstacles have typically beenExpand
Are we underestimating urban poverty
Data collection methods and poverty measures have not caught up with the reality of an increasingly urbanised world; as a result, urban poverty may be underestimated. This has important implicationsExpand
Locational analysis of slums and the effects of slum dweller’s activities on the social, economic and ecological facets of the city: insights from Kumasi in Ghana
Slum development has become a major urban planning and management problem due to the challenges they pose to the larger urban environment. Activities of slum dwellers are known to undermine theExpand
ON THE PATH TO PROGRESS: Improving living conditions in Peru's slum settlements
developmentprogress.org This and other Development Progress materials are available at developmentprogress.org Development Progress is an ODI project that aims to measure, understand and communicateExpand
Zambia's Infrastructure: A Continental Perspective
Infrastructure improvements contributed 0.6 percentage points to Zambia's annual per capital GDP growth over the past decade, mostly because of exponential growth in information and communicationExpand
Emerging Evidence and Practices with Safety Nets in Urban Areas
Most safety net programs in low and middle-income countries are conceived for rural areas. Yet as the global urban population rapidly increases and poverty urbanizes, it becomes of utmost importanceExpand


Inside Informality: The Links Between Poverty, Microenterprises, and Living Conditions in Nairobi’s Slums
Summary Using households rather than enterprises as the analytical unit, this study of 1,755 households in Nairobi's slums reveals that informal household microenterprises are indeed helping offsetExpand
Does Infrastructure Reform Work for the Poor? A Case Study from Guatemala
Following the 1996 Peace Accords, Guatemala embarked on a major program of infrastructure reform involving the restructuring and privatization of the electricity and telecommunications sectors and aExpand
Slum Real Estate: The Low-Quality High-Price Puzzle in Nairobi’s Slum Rental Market and its Implications for Theory and Practice
Summary This study of 1755 households in Nairobi's slums challenges the conventional belief that slums offer low-quality low-cost shelter to a population that cannot afford better standards. InExpand
[The state of the world population].
  • M. Tate
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Sanfujinka no jissai. Practice of gynecology and obstetrics
  • 1968
The authors may not be able to make you love reading, but state of world population will lead you to love reading starting from now and this will give you the kindness. Expand
2008); we use it here to provide a snapshot of different aspects of poverty
  • 2007
Inside Informality: The Links between Poverty, Micro-enterprises, and Living Conditions in Nairobi’s Slums,” Working Paper, Africa Urban and Water 1
  • World Bank, Washington, D.C.
  • 2007
State of world population 2007
  • New York: United Nations.
  • 2007
Planet of slums