Potential short-term earthquake forecasting by farm-animal monitoring

  title={Potential short-term earthquake forecasting by farm-animal monitoring},
  author={M. Wikelski and U. Mueller and P. Scocco and A. Catorci and L. Desinov and M. Belyaev and D. Keim and W. Pohlmeier and Gerhard Fechteler and P. Mai},
Whether changes in animal behavior allow for short-term earthquake predictions has been debated for a long time. During the 2016/2017 earthquake sequence in Italy, we instrumentally observed the activity of farm animals (cows, dogs, sheep) close to the epicenter of the devastating magnitude M6.6 Norcia earthquake (Oct-Nov 2016) and over a subsequent longer observation period (Jan-Apr 2017). Relating 5304 (in 2016) and 12948 (in 2017) earthquakes with a wide magnitude range (0.4 ≤ M ≤ 6.6) to… Expand
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