Potential of Biological Processes to Eliminate Antibiotics in Livestock Manure: An Overview

  title={Potential of Biological Processes to Eliminate Antibiotics in Livestock Manure: An Overview},
  author={Daniel I. Mass{\'e} and Noori M. Cata Saady and Yan GilbertY. Gilbert},
  journal={Animals : an Open Access Journal from MDPI},
  pages={146 - 163}
Simple Summary Beside their use to treat infections, antibiotics are used excessively as growth promoting factors in livestock industry. Animals discharge in their feces and urine between 70%–90% of the antibiotic administrated unchanged or in active metabolites. Because livestock manure is re-applied to land as a fertilizer, concerns are growing over spread of antibiotics in water and soil. Development of antibiotic resistant bacteria is a major risk. This paper reviewed the potential of… 

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